Fibroids are benign tumours that grow from the muscle layers of the uterus. They are very common in women in their thirties and forties. Most women develop these during their lifetime. They grow abnormally and are usually round in shape. Sometimes these tumours become quite large and cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods.
In modern times, women have a preference to conceive in their middle ages- varying from the 30s to 40s. One is also more prone to fibroids at this stage of life, further complicating their pregnancy. This is also another leading cause of infertility in women.
Causes of Fibroids
It is unclear why they develop but several factors influence their formation. They are hormonal imbalance, family history, pregnancy, etc. Who is at a risk? Women over 30 years of age who are looking forward to conceiving, overweight women and women approaching menopause are at a greater risk of developing them.
Symptoms of Fibroids
Often fibroids do not show any specific symptoms. But one should always be on the lookout for the following:
- Heavy and painful periods with blood clots
- Menstrual cramps with pain in the pelvic region and lower back
- Frequent urination
- Pain during intercourse
- Discomfort in the lower abdomen
If you notice all these symptoms, you may have to undergo a pelvic examination to confirm the presence of fibroids. A gynaecologist will scan for the fibroids through the following:
- An ultrasound scan
- An MRI
- A hysteroscopy
- A laparoscopy
The treatment methods followed by the doctor for fibroid removal depend upon the age of the patient and the size of the fibroid. Sometimes, there may be a combination of treatments with medications and surgery. One such safe surgical result-oriented technique is Laparoscopic Myomectomy.
Laparoscopic Myomectomy is a fibroid removal surgery that removes subserosal (tissue in the uterus walls) fibroids using a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a tiny camera connected to a long slender telescope used to view inside the abdomen. Long slender instruments are used for performing the surgery. Laparoscopic Myomectomy, when performed by an experienced surgeon, is a safe technique, with very fewer chances of failure and good results in terms of outcomes of pregnancy. Another advantage is that removal of these using this technique preserves the uterus.
In case you see any symptoms of fibroids and want to take an expert’s advice it is best to consult a specialized hospital such as Apollo Spectra Hospital. Our leading specialists are in the know-how of advanced surgeries and technologies, and our world-class infrastructure will provide you with the best treatment.