ICU: The Intensive Care Unit

September 7, 2021

Intensive care represents the highest management for patient care and treatment designated for critically ill patients with life-threatening conditions.

Intensive care (critical care) is a multidisciplinary and interprofessional specialty designed for the management of patients in peril of developing life-threatening organ failure. The capacity to temporarily support and if necessary, replace the function of the many failing organ systems, particularly the lungs, circulatory system, and kidneys, is what underscores critical care medicine.

The medical care Unit (ICU) may be a separate, self-contained area within a medical facility, equipped with high-tech specialized facilities designed for close monitoring, rapid intervention, and sometimes extended treatment of patients with acute organ dysfunction. It is committed to the management and continuous monitoring of patients with life-threatening conditions.

The aim of an ICU is to take care of vital functions to stop further physiological deterioration, reduce mortality and stop morbidity in critically ill patients.

What to expect in an ICU?

ICU is one of the foremost critically functioning operational environments in a hospital. Every ICU in a hospital features a different environment which will reflect the specialist medical and surgical procedures they perform. Most ICUs are large sterile areas with a high concentration of specialized, technical, and monitoring equipment needed to care for critically ill patients.

When you visit someone, you care about in ICU it’s often an uncomfortable experience – you’ll feel helpless, overwhelmed, frustrated, and sad. Your feelings and apprehension are understood by the staff that gives support to the people you care about. Every ICU has a visitor policy to ensure the well-being of their patients. You will need to ask the ICU staff about their specific visiting hours and requirements.

Visiting is typically restricted to people the patient considers to be immediate family. If you are feeling unwell or have an existing health condition you need to reconsider visiting someone in an ICU.

ICU Equipment

ICU Equipment within the ICU is usually aimed toward life-support and therefore the support of various organs within the body (for example the lungs, the guts, or the kidneys).

These include, but is not limited to: –

  • Cardiac monitors – To monitor vital signs
  • Mechanical ventilator
  • Infusion pumps
  • Syringe pumps
  • Suction machines
  • Oxygen
  • Other respiratory support machines such as BiPAP and CPAP

What are the key differences between an ICU and CCU?

There’s no difference between these important care units. They are both intended monitoring and treating patients who need 24-hour care. Hospitals with ICUs may or may not have a separate cardiac care unit. A cardiac care unit focuses on patients with heart problems, while an ICU provides care for patients with a complete range of life-threatening conditions. Intensive care, critical care, and cardiac care units all treat people with critical conditions and use similar equipment to watch and look after them.

From the above details, we are aware that the ICU seems like the last resort to any problems due to the intense care and treatment that takes place, but it also is the highest level of patient care and hence one must not hinder and must have faith in the experts at work. For more information on such topics visit our blog or consult our doctors online at Apollo Spectra to get the care you deserve.