TIPS TO GOOD EYE HEALTH
As rightly said, ‘Our eyes are two of our most precious possessions’, yet most of the people take good eyesight for granted. It has been reported that every one person in six adults (age >45) has some or the other type of eye problems. Most of the vision related complications are either avoidable or can be well-treated with proper awareness and education. One of the primary ways to maintain or uplift the quality of life is by protecting your eyesight through tips for maintaining proper eye health. To maintain healthy eyes and good vision; you can follow the below recommended tips.
Tips for Healthy Eyes:
Visit your eye doctor regularly: To visit a good ophthalmologist for a complete eye test is the only way to get assured that your eyes are healthy. Every person necessitates a regular eye examination, whether adults or even young children.
Timely intervention: Eye diseases, such as glaucoma, if diagnosed and managed timely can be effectively treated. Such eye conditions can cause serious vision loss if left untreated for prolonged intervals of time.
Check on the diet: Green leafy vegetables and dark colored fruits like spinach, berries, which are rich in lutein provide defense against macular degeneration in elderly people. Similarly, omega-3s rich foods, like walnuts have been found to reduce inflammation in eye blood vessels. It has been found that people on diets with higher levels of vitamins C and E, zinc, and zeaxanthin are less likely to develop early and advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD).On the other hand, it has been observed that too much caffeine deplete the tear film in the eye and thus lead to drying of eyes and irritation and thus must be avoided in large quantities. It is also advised to use red onions instead of yellow ones, as a higher content of quercetin in red onions is known to act against cataract.
Quit smoking: Smoking has been associated with increased risk of blindness by increasing the incidence of macular degeneration, cataract, and optic nerve damage. Current and ex-smokers are more susceptible to the development of AMD than non-smokers.
Eyes at rest: When working in front of your computer you should always take regular breaks and must intentionally blink eyes. Staring at your computer or phone screen for prolong time without breaks this can cause, eyestrain, tired eyes, long-term vision damage, blurred vision, trouble focusing at a distance, headaches, neck, back, and shoulder pain and dry eyes.
Known family history: Many eye diseases cluster in families, so it is always beneficial to be aware of your family’s history of eye disease and take effective steps to avoid or manage them.
Wear sunglasses: Sunglasses apart from being a great fashion accessory, protects your eyes from the harmful ultraviolet radiation and sunlight. You should go for the ones that block out 99-100% of both UV-A and UV-B radiation. Prolonged UV exposure increases your chances of cataracts, macular degeneration, and retinal damage. You may also wear a large hat or cap along with your sunglasses that will block roughly 50% of UV radiation.
Eye protection: Employers working in a hazardous environment are necessitated to wear specially designed safety glasses, goggles, safety shields, and eye guards in order to protect their eyes from dust, water, and other sources of pollution.
Manage Metabolic diseases: Disorders like diabetes and high blood pressure can lead to irreversible damage to eyes. It is advisable to always have a check on your blood glucose levels and blood pressure.
Lifestyle changes: Body weight reduction reduces chances of diseases like diabetes and hypertension and thus saves you from related eye damage. Also, regular exercise and yoga practice can reduce the intraocular pressure in people with glaucoma.
Contact lens care: You should take proper care of your contact lenses by taking small precautions like: Do not touch your lenses without washing hands and keep your lenses in a clean and dry place. Do not sleep in contacts that are not approved for overnight wear, do not use saliva or water as a wetting solution, and do not use expired solution. Replace your contact lens case in every two to three months.
Avoid dry air: Always aim your car vents downwards at your feet rather than on your face which causes dry eyes. Use rewetting or lubricating drops in your eyes before boarding a flight to prevent irritation caused by dry eyes. Consider using a portable humidifier in your home or office to keep the air moist, especially during winters when heaters are on.