Apollo Spectra Breast Clinic

Tardeo, Mumbai

We understand that breast health is an important part of your overall well-being. Every woman above the age of 35 years should get a breast check-up done. The prime reason for this check-up is early diagnosis of lumps or breast cancer or any other problem and its early treatment. Also it is important for women to understand how and when to do a self check-up and Mammography.

Some breast conditions you need to be aware about! Breast Lump and benign (Non-Cancerous) conditions

Finding a lump in the breast can be a scary experience, but not all lumps and tumors are cancerous.

  • May be single or multiple, Usually slow growing, benign and painless
  • They are moveable under the skin and have a smooth rubbery texture
  • They are typically not tender


  • Course of medication can be given for 3 - 6 months
  • If large or causing pain, lumpectomy surgery can be done to remove it

Benign (noncancerous) condition in which a woman develops fluid-filled sacs, which develop in the breast tissue, are called breast cysts.

  • Present after 35 years of age to premenopausal age
  • Complains of painful lumps in breasts especially increases before periods usually on both sides


  • Most cysts go away by themselves and are nothing to worry about.
  • If the cyst is large or causing discomfort, your specialist may draw off the fluid using a fine needle and syringe. Sometimes this is done using ultrasound to help find the cyst. Once the fluid has been drawn off, the cyst usually disappears
  • If problem persists then, Medication can be given for 3-6 months or Surgery would be considered if cyst is complex or infected

Mastitis is a condition in which a woman's breast tissue becomes abnormally swollen or inflamed. It is usually caused by an infection of the breast ducts. It occurs most commonly in women who are breastfeeding. As it progresses, mastitis can cause the formation of a breast abscess. This is a localized collection of pus within breast tissue.


  • Any fluid that seeps out of the nipple of the breast is termed as Nipple discharge.
  • One or both breasts may produce a nipple discharge, either spontaneously or when you squeeze your nipples or breasts.
  • Most often, nipple discharge stems from a benign condition. However it could also be a sign of breast cancer.


Achieving the correct diagnosis is the most vital part of Breast disorders. Once that is done Surgery depends on whether the lump is benign or malignant. For most benign lumps, a lumpectomy alone is sufficient.

In case of cancer patients, surgery will be combined with other cancer treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy or hormone therapy. In case of malignant lesions the question is should the patient opt for Mastectomy (complete removal of breast) or Breast Conservative Surgery?



Your surgeon will make a small cut in your skin over or near the lump, or in an area where the scar won't be obvious (for example close to your nipple or in the crease under your breast). She will cut the lump away along with a section of healthy tissue around it. This is called wide local excision and is done to try and make sure that all the affected cells are removed.

Your surgeon will close the cut with fine stitches that usually disappear by themselves. She will usually place a waterproof dressing over the wound so you can have a bath from the next day after surgery. The lump (and healthy tissue) is sent to a laboratory for testing.

If the lump is large, your surgeon may also reconstruct your breast during the operation. This is done by using local oncoplasty techniques or moving fatty and muscular into the space the lump has been removed from.

Breast Conservation

Breast-conserving surgery (BCS, also known as breast conservation surgery and segmental mastectomy) is a less radical cancer surgery than mastectomy. Breast-conserving surgery, as in a lumpectomy removes part of the breast tissue during surgery, as opposed to the entire breast and all the axillary nodes using the same or separate incision depending on location of tumor.

The goals of BCS are to provide the survival equivalent of mastectomy, a cosmetically acceptable breast, and a low rate of recurrence in the treated breast.

Breast-conserving surgery is a treatment option for some women with small, localized breast cancers.


The commonly practiced mastectomy is called MODIFIED RADICAL MASTECTOMY (MRM) in which your entire breast tissue is removed along with lymph nodes in the axilla through the same incision.