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Oncology

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Cancer Surgeries

Overview of Cancer surgeries

Cancer surgeries are one of the best ways to restrict cancer cells in your body. Cancer surgeries remove cancer cells and some of the neighboring cells. An oncologist near you can detect the type and location of cancer and will also suggest a suitable treatment.

What are Cancer surgeries?

Cancer surgeries are procedures to remove a part of your body to diagnose or treat cancer. They are the foundations of cancer treatment. After the diagnosis of cancer, you must visit an oncologist in Delhi.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Who qualifies for Cancer surgeries?

You can undergo cancer surgeries if the chemotherapy drugs or radiation therapy aren’t enough for the treatment. Cancer surgeries help to treat the following types of cancer:

  • Breast cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Oesophageal cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Thymoma cancer
  • Lung cancer

Why are cancer surgeries performed?

There are many reasons to perform cancer surgeries like:

  • Removes some or all of the cancer cells
  • Provides relief from the side effects
  • Figures out the location of cancer cells
  • Prevention of cancer before its development
  • Diagnosis of malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous) tumor
  • Determines the stage of the cancer
  • Restores the bodily functions
  • Debulking – Removal of some part of cancer so chemotherapy or radiation therapy can act

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Types of Cancer surgeries?

There are several types of cancer surgeries depending upon the location, stage, and type of cancer.

  • Curative surgery-It helps in the removal of the localized cancerous cells from the body.
  • Preventive surgery-It removes polyps or pre-cancerous cells from the body to prevent cancer in the future.
  • Diagnostic surgery-Biopsies diagnose cancerous cells by removing a tissue sample from your body.
  • Staging surgery-It uses a laparoscope to determine the extent of the spread of cancer in your body.
  • Palliative surgery-This surgery treats cancer at the advanced stages. It eases the discomfort caused due to cancer or its treatment.
  • Restorative surgery-It helps in the reconstruction or restoration of different organs or the appearance of the patient.
  • Cryosurgery-This surgery uses liquid nitrogen or a cold probe to freeze and destroy the cancer cells.
  • Electrosurgery-It is helpful to treat oral cancer and skin cancer by using electrical current.
  • Laser surgery-It uses a high-intensity laser beam to shrink, destroy, or remove cancerous cells.
  • Robotic surgery-It removes cancer from the hard-to-reach areas.
  • Natural orifice surgery-In this surgery, surgical tools pass through natural body openings.

How to prepare for Cancer surgeries?

Before the cancer surgeries, the oncologists will perform various tests like blood tests, urine tests, X-rays, other imaging tests, and electrocardiograms. Avoid drinking or eating anything for a while before the tests.

How are cancer surgeries performed?

Anesthesia sedates you before the cancer surgery. Your oncologist will remove cancer cells along with the nearby healthy cells to ensure no further spread. Removal of the lymph nodes of the surrounding areas checks the extent of the spreading of cancer. Cancer surgeries involve the removal of different organs or parts like:

  • Mastectomy or removal of the whole breast to treat breast cancer
  • Lumpectomy or removal of a portion of the breast and surrounding tissue
  • Pneumonectomy or removal of the entire lung to treat lung cancer
  • Lobectomy or removal of a part of one lung

After Cancer surgeries

Follow-up is crucial after the cancer surgeries. It helps you to manage the pain, activities, and healing of the wound. The oncologists will prescribe you medications and preventive measures to control the infection. You must follow a special diet after undergoing cancer surgery.

Benefits of Cancer surgeries

Cancer surgeries effectively treat different types of cancers. They are helpful in diagnosis and staging processes. Surgeries are quicker procedures with minimum side effects. Other benefits of cancer surgeries are:

  • Removal of cancerous cells or tumors after chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • Killing the cancerous cells from a small area
  • Convenient for the patient

Risks or complications associated with Cancer surgeries

Cancer surgeries can be complex, depending upon the type or stage of cancer. So, there are some risks or complications associated with it, like:

  • Pain
  • Loss of organ function-Kidney cancer or lung cancer might result in the removal of kidneys or lungs.
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clotting
  • Pneumonia
  • Difficulty in bowel movement

Conclusion

You might be conscious about your cancer treatment. You must consult the oncologist near you about the severity of your cancer and the procedures. After the surgery, you must visit the oncologist often to report about your healing.

Sources -

https://www.rgcirc.org/blog/cancer-surgery/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cancer/in-depth/cancer-surgery/art-20044171

https://www.webmd.com/cancer/cancer-surgery#1-2

Laser surgery can treat what types of cancers?

You can treat cancers of different organs like the rectum, skin, and cervix with the help of laser surgery.

What kind of cancers are treated best by surgery?

Surgeries are the best ways to treat solid tumors constricted in one area inside your body.

Is it possible that cancer can return after the surgery?

Yes, it is possible that after the surgery, cancer can return. Tumors can return to the same area or different areas of your body.

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