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Urology - Women's Health

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Urology Women's Health

Urology is a branch of medicine which deals with diseases affecting your urinary system. These include your kidneys, adrenal glands (small glands on top of your kidneys), ureters (thin muscular tubes which carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder), urinary bladder and urethra (the tube that drains urine out of your bladder). 
With regard to women’s health, there are a number of urologic diseases that affect them. These urological conditions affect the female pelvic floor and the urinary system. A urologist is a doctor who treats these urological diseases in women. Conditions commonly seen in female urology are urinary tract infections, cystitis (bladder infection), kidney stones, bladder control problems, pelvic floor diseases, pelvic prolapse (downward displacement of the pelvis), kidney and bladder cancer, among others. 

What are the common symptoms?

Symptoms commonly associated with urology diseases in women are as follows.

  • Blood in your urine (hematuria)
  • Cloudy (unclear) urine
  • Burning sensation or pain while urinating
  • Inability to control your urine
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Weak urine flow (dribbling of urine)
  • Pain in your lower sides or pelvis or lower back
  • Urinary leakage

What causes urology diseases in women?

  • The urinary tract of women is closer to their genital area. This results in increased chances of urinary tract infections.
  • Women go through pregnancy and childbirth which also increases chances of urological diseases.
  • Sexual intercourse can also lead to urological infections in women.

When should you consult a doctor?

In case you have any of the above-mentioned symptoms or other issues like difficulty in holding your urine post-pregnancy or prolapse of any of your pelvic organs (parts of your uterus or bladder), then you may need to visit a urologist. A urologist is a doctor who specializes in treating urinary tract conditions.
You can search for a urology specialist near me or urology hospitals in Delhi or simply

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, Delhi.

Call  1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How are urological diseases in women diagnosed?

After taking your medical history and conducting your physical examination, your urologist may advise you to do the following tests.

  • Imaging tests like MRI, CT scans, ultrasounds to locate the problem
  • Cystoscopy to visualize the inside of your urinary bladder with the help of a small instrument called a cystoscope
  • Urine test to rule out any infections
  • Biopsy to identify the type of tissue
  • Urodynamic testing to determine the pressure in your bladder, the speed with which the urine exits your body, and the residual urine which remains in your bladder.

How are urology diseases treated?

  • Antibiotics to treat any infection
  • Bladder training exercises or medications to help strengthen bladder muscles in cases of urinary incontinence (absence of voluntary control)
  • Chemotherapy in case of cancers
  • Surgical procedures may be carried out for removing tumors, kidney stones, any strictures (blocks) in the urethra, among others. Surgery may be open, laparoscopic (involving fewer, smaller incisions) and laser therapy.

You can search for urology doctors near me or urology hospitals near me.


Women are said to be at a greater risk of urological diseases than men. Your urologist can help you identify the disease you have and treat it accordingly.

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Do I have to live with urinary incontinence?

Urinary incontinence is common. You should not have to live with it. It can be treated depending on how much it affects your quality of living. From wearing a panty liner to minimally invasive procedures, urinary incontinence can be treated, depending on the severity.

How can I maintain good urological health?

By exercising regularly, staying hydrated, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding excess alcohol, caffeine and tobacco, and maintaining good genital hygiene. You should also avoid any food (coffee, teas, salt) or medications that tend to remove extra water from your body (called diuretics).

Why is a woman at a greater risk of urinary incontinence?

Multiple factors like age, obesity, smoking and giving birth multiple times are associated with an increased risk of urinary incontinence in women.

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