Ear, nose, and throat specialists are known as ENT specialists or Otolaryngologists. They help diagnose and treat the disorders related to the head and neck, and this includes ear nose and throat. They can help treat various disorders. Some of the most common ones are; hearing loss, infections, injuries, speech disorders, etc.
Ear infections are the most common ENT disorders. They usually occur when the germs get inside the inner ear. The eustachian tube, which is a little tube that begins at the ear and ends in the back of the throat, is responsible to keep the germs away. However, if this tube is extremely small or becomes blocked, either by fluid, mucus, etc., it can trap the bacteria or germs inside the ears, leading to an ear infection. The most common symptoms of this condition are;
History of a respiratory infection
- Feeling pressure inside the ear
- Loss of balance
- Difficulty in hearing
- Nausea and vomiting
- Discharge of fluid from the ear
Ear infections are very common in children, more likely in babies and infants. If your child is displaying the following symptoms, it can be an indication of an ear infection.
- Trying to pull or tugging the ears
- You may notice an increase in fussiness, mainly before they have to go to bed
- Loud notice stops bothering them
- Eating or drinking differently
Strep is the short form of a bacterium called ‘streptococci’. It occurs when your throat and the area surrounding it gets infected by this germ. It is a very common infection, but other infections can also display the same symptoms. Hence, it is important to visit an ENT specialist. The symptoms include;
- Sore and red throat
- You may face difficulty in swallowing
- Tonsils and lymph nodes become enlarged
- Your doctor may notice white spots on the tonsils or at the back of your throat
- Body ache
- Rarely, you may also notice skin rashes
A runny nose and/or a cough is not a symptom of this disorder. Usually, children between the ages 5 and 15 are more prone to this condition.
When the germs enter the hollow cavity present in the skull, which is located near the eyes and nose, you may experience sinusitis. The infection becomes trapped inside the hollow cavity, leading to inflammation, pressure, and also a pain. Acute sinusitis is usually the result of the common cold. Chronic sinusitis can be because of infections, allergies, and other conditions, such as bronchial asthma. This condition can last for years when left untreated. Therefore, if you notice the following signs and symptoms, it is important to visit an ENT specialist immediately. The most common symptoms are;
- A headache
- A cough
- Discharge from nose
- A toothache
• Sleep Apnea
Apnea means to stop breathing. Sleep apnea is a condition where the patient stops breathing for short intervals of time while sleeping. It is a very common disorder and can lead to various other conditions if you don’t treat it on time. If you notice the following symptoms, it is important to visit your ENT specialist in Chembur, at Apollo Spectra. The symptoms include;
- You wake up frequently in the middle of the night
- Despite sleeping for the required hours, you feel tired, sleepy, and unrefreshed
- Drowsiness during the day
- Mood swings
- Waking up with a dry and a sore throat
- Headaches in the morning
Along with these symptoms, people suffering from sleep apnea also snore, gasp and choke when they are asleep. Also, being overweight, having enlarged tonsils, taking sedatives before falling asleep, and having a shorter airway, increases your risk of sleep apnea. People suffering from obesity are likely to have obstructive sleep apnea. The symptoms can mirror other disorders, therefore, it is important to talk to your specialist and tell him or her about all your symptoms, even if it is minute.
When your tonsils have inflammation for a very long time, they may have to be surgically removed. This procedure is known as tonsillectomy. What happens when the inflammation becomes severe is that it can come in between swallowing and breathing. Tonsils can be painful and can make you feel very sick. Therefore, when you visit a specialist, he or she will prescribe medications and other treatments to help cure your condition.
Apollo Spectra is the right medical facility for you as we care about your health and the quality of life. Our patients are our number one priority. Our ENT doctors are specialty care providers, who will not only understand your individual needs but also help you find the perfect care you require. Therefore, if you notice any signs or symptoms related to ENT, visit our ENT specialists in Chembur today!