ENT Specialist in Chennai
Here at Apollo Spectra, we have the best ent specialist in Chennai for all ENT problems that one might experience. Some of the ENT conditions treated at Apollo Spectra includes
1. Ear-related problems
- Outer ear infections–
These infections include irritation, itching, swelling, discharge and crusting around the ear canal. The physician will simply either give you an ointment to be applied on the area of infection or, be depending on the severity of the problem, s/he might clean and dry your ear and apply wick soaked antibiotic on the swollen area for healing. Several antibiotics may also be prescribed and the doctor might advise you on several ways to keep the area moist and secure.
- Middle ear infections-
These infections basically occur due to the filling of the airspace that is there behind the eardrum. In some cases, the infection might heal automatically in a few days but in others, ENT doctor might provide you with antibiotics, nasal sprays or tablets to clear the eustachian tube. Common symptoms include dizziness, headache, fever, hearing loss, earache etc.
The ear canal has an outer covering of a skin has glands that produce earwax. One of the very important functions are performed by the ear wax, it cleans and accumulates all the waste that is about to enter the eardrum. But sometimes, it ends up blocking the ear canal in the process of getting out. In this situation, the person may experience an earache, ringing in the ear, hearing loss, feeling of ear blockage etc. The treatment can be done in two ways, either the patient might be provided with ear drops to clear the canal or the doctor might remove the wax through microscopic visualization.
- Hearing Loss-
There are four levels of hearing loss. Common Hearing Loss occurs due to Trauma, Disease side effect, Hereditary, Noise Exposure or due to aging. Conductive Hearing Loss (CHL) occurs when the transmission of sound in the ear is interrupted or disturbed. They are treatable either medically, surgically or through amplification. Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SHL) occur in the inner area affecting the transmission. They can be treated through Hearing Aids. Mixed Hearing Loss (MHL) is a combination of SHL&CHL. They can be treated with both hearing aids and medical treatments.
2. Nose-related problems
- Nose Bleeding-
Nose bleeding is of two types- Anterior and Posterior. Anterior bleeding can occur due to extreme dryness, a big blow of the nose or due to a sharp fingernail. The blood vessels are broken in the septum, and in case of severe bleeding or blood intake by the throat instead of coming out of it, an ENT Specialist must be consulted since the continuation of the same can lead to dizziness and fainting due to loss of a lot of blood. Posterior Bleeding is comparatively serious and difficult to treat. They occur deep inside the nose and can thus be swallowed at the back of the mouth or throat.
Sinusitis occurs when there are swelling and infections in the linings of the sinus. They are treated through medications. Some of the symptoms include a headache, tenderness around the eyes, sore throat, running nose, fullness or pressure in the head, toothache (jaws) etc.
- Nasal Obstruction
Nasal Obstruction refers to the partial or full blockage of one or both of the air passages of the nasal cavity. Breathing or nasal problems are easily noticeable amongst children. It may even go unnoticed in several cases. The causes can be visible by birth itself (congenital) or can be acquired by anyone later in life. It can occur due to some external particle/ foreign body in the nose, Rhinitis which is swelling or lining of the nose, Nasal Polyps, Choanal atresia, Tumors etc. They can be diagnosed with a physical exam and treated as per the diagnosis in the x-ray of the nose.
3. Throat-related problems
Dysphagia basically refers to difficulty passing food down through the throat. This is most common and not threatening, however, if occurring at a continuous state, then one must consult an ENT Specialist. One of the common reasons of the Dysphagia is due to Gastroesophageal Reflux (discomfort due to movement in the stomach acid). Other reasons include a tumor in the mouth, Progressive Neurologic Disorder, Stroke, esophagus or throat surgery in the neck, head or esophageal areas. Drugs or medication can treat Dysphagia depending on the cause of the discomfort.
Tonsils are lymph-like soft tissue situated on both sides of the back of the throat. They can become infected causing health problems. In fact, regular infections can lead to Chronic Tonsillitis as well. Some of the common symptoms include fever, sore throat, redness in the tonsil area, and severely enlarged tonsils can interfere with sleep, normal breathing, swallowing, speaking etc. They can be treated by Antibiotics or can be removed surgically by a method called as Tonsillectomy.
- Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR)-
Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR) or simply called as Gastric Reflux is the backflow of stomach acids or the food into pharynx/ the throat or Larynx/ the voice box. It can lead to several difficulties such as breathing problems, choking, noisy breathing or even cancer of the throat/voice box/ esophagus in some rare cases. The ENT Specialist might perform an exam to check the condition and existence of LPR and then might ask you to get some tests done or advice you with the preferred treatment option.
- Prolonged Sore Throat-
Infections can be caused by either virus such as the Mononucleosis, common cold, flu, or by bacteria such as Mycoplasma, Strep or Hemophilus. While bacteria is expected to respond to antibiotic treatment, viruses are not. Whenever a sore throat becomes severe and prolonged one must consult an ENT specialist in Chennai immediately as it can be an indication of many medical disorders. Some of the symptoms include difficulty in swallowing and breathing, earache, rashes, joint pain, high fever, recurring sore throat and blood in saliva or phlegm.