Eye Specialist in Pune

It is often considered that a healthy lifestyle is the best way to avoid diseases. While many people perform activities to keep themselves healthy, they often tend to forget to take care of one of the most important organ of the body, the Eye. This can lead to multiple defects and diseases of the eye. The science of the study, research and treatment of the eyes is called as Ophthalmology. A specialist who undertakes the treatment of eyes is known as an Ophthalmologist. The retina that forms the image of a thing in the brain is the key tissue that is found at the back of an eye responsible for the vision. An Ophthalmologist examines the retinal health of the eye with the use of magnifying lens. The diseases of the eye can have similar symptoms but the causes can be varied. An Ophthalmologist in Pune utilizes the technological instruments and facilities to determine the symptoms, causes and medical treatments for the abnormalities of the eye.

Components of the eye

There are several deformities caused due to the abnormal functioning of the eye.

Components of the eye:

The eye consists of some major parts which are,

  • Cornea: Cornea is a tissue that forms the front layer of the eye. It helps focus the light
  • Tear ducts: Tears are the normal function of the eye that aids in lubrication of the cornea and prevents debris from entering the eye. The tear ducts drain the tears away
  • Iris and pupil: Iris is the coloured part of the eye. Pupil is the opening in the middle of the eye. Iris is responsible for controlling the amount of light that has to come in through the pupil
  • Lens and retina: lens lies behind the pupil. Retina is on the back of the eye. Lens is responsible for focusing light on the retina. Retina than converts the images into electrical signals and sends them to the optic nerve
  • Optic nerve: Optic nerve is a set of nerve fibers that transmits the electrical signals from the retina to the brain
Common disorders of the eye

Common disorders of the eye

Some of the common disorders of the eye include,

  • Refractive errors:

    Refractive errors are caused when light is not properly focused to the eye leading to blurred vision. An ophthalmologist in Pune can correct these errors by advising spectacles, contact lenses or surgical procedure. Common refractive errors include myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia and astigmatism

  • Glaucoma:

    Excess fluid produced by the eye can lead to pressure on the optic nerve. This can lead to blindness. Glaucoma can be caused due to increased age or can be hereditory

  • Cataract: Clouding of the eye lens leads to Cataract. It is mostly observed in older adults and causes blurred vision
  • Macular degeneration:

    Macula is part of the retina that provides detailed central vision. Macular degeneration is caused by the gradual damage to the cells of the macula. It is mostly observed in older adults above the age of 60

  • Diabetic retinopathy:

    Increased diabetes leads to damage to the blood vessels of the retina thereby causing Diabetic retinopathy. This leads to blurred or dark spot vision. Early treatment by an ophthalmologist can prevent blindness. Keeping the sugar level in control is an important aspect of avoiding retinopathy

  • Retinal detachment:

    Extra growth of blood vessels over the retina can force the retina out of its place from the back of the eye. Proper and on-time treatment can help in avoiding blindness

  • Dry eyes:

    Fluids not getting produced in the eye can lead to irritation in the form of dry eyes. This can be caused due to the improper functioning of the tear ducts or due to medicational side-effects. This can cause blurred vision and can cause pain

  • Conjunctivitis:

    Inflammation of the conjunctiva can lead to conjunctivitis. This is caused due to bacteria, virus, smoke or dust etc. This can result in extreme pain and Ophthalmologists generally prescribe oral medications to treat conjunctivitis

Common treatments by Ophthalmologists

Common treatments by Ophthalmologists

Ophthalmologists in Pune undertake both vision correction treatments as well as treatment of impaired vision caused by diseases.
Some common treatments for eye disorders include,

  • Reshaping of the distorted cornea: Corneal reshaping may be performed for individuals suffering from myopia or mild astigmatism. Ophthalmologists in Pune generally prescribe special contact lenses for reshaping of the cornea

  • Laser assisted in Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK): Individuals suffering from myopia, hypermetropia or astigmatism may be advised for a laser-assisted surgical procedure to treat the defects of the eye

  • Low Vision therapy: Macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy can lead to partial loss of sight in individuals. The Ophthalmologists may then advise on the use of low vision devices to assist the individuals mainly in reading, writing and performing work-related activities. Low vision therapy is mostly suggested when corrections due to use of spectacles, contact lenses, medications and surgery may not be possible

  • Eye diseases caused by infections: Infections of the eye can occur due to weak immune system or injury. Infections of the eye include bacterial, viral and fungal infections. Ophthalmologists may prescribe oral medications, eye-drops and  antibiotics for treating the infections