Joint Replacement Surgeon in Delhi

At Apollo Spectra, we have best joint replacement surgeons in Delhi who are committed to helping you make the right medical decision. Joint replacement surgery replaces the damaged parts of a joint with new, externally made parts. A joint is the part of the body where the ends of two or more bones meet. Replacing a joint can reduce the joint pain and thereby help in better movement. The joints of the hips and the knees are the most common joints replaced. There are other parts of the body where the joints are replaced too like one of the shoulders, ankles, elbows, wrists and fingers but they are less common. The joint replacement helps in walking and aids in reducing stiffness. Solely relying on pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications may not help in the long run and may lead to wearing away of the joint surface. There are different kinds of joints within the body like the knee that has a ‘hinge sort of a joint’ similar to a hinged door due to its ability to bend and straighten, whereas, the hip and shoulder joints are ‘ball and socket joints’, in which the rounded end of one bone fits into the cup-shaped end of another bone.

Why is joint replacement required?

In most of the cases, joint pain is experienced due to the damage caused to the cartilage that lines the ends of the bones caused either by arthritis, disease, fracture or years of usage. Joints may then have to be operated upon and replaced due to the conditions mentioned earlier. In order to relieve the pain and aid in movement, the joint replacement surgeon in Delhi may initially advise on external support systems like taking the help of a walker, undergoing physiotherapy, avoiding or reducing some activities of regular regimen and regular exercise along with medications. If after these, the pain doesn’t subside or there is a hindrance to free movement of body parts, the joint replacement surgeon in Delhi could ask you to undergo an x-ray to understand the condition of the joints in question. In case the x-rays show some damage to the joints, you may be advised to have a joint replacement surgery. In joint replacement surgery generally, the person is given medication to the body part where the joint is to be replaced in order to block the pain or medication may be given to make the whole body numb. The particular joint is then replaced with an externally made metallic, plastic or ceramic joint. The patient is then kept under close observation till the time the numbness goes away and then advised rest before undergoing periodic exercise. With knee or hip surgery, one may initially start walking with the help of a walker or crutches. One can expect initial pain due to the process of healing and muscles being weak. Your joint replacement surgeon in Delhi would keep you on pain relievers in the initial period. Physiotherapy would be advised to bring back the joint in regular motion and to strengthen the muscles around the joints. In the case of shoulder joint replacement as well, one can expect to undergo several motion exercises to get back the usual shoulder movement.
The common types of joint replacements

Total Hip replacement:  The hip is a ball and socket joint and is one of the largest joint in the body. The socket is formed by the cartilage called as acetabulum, which is a part of the large pelvis bone. The ball is the upper end of the thigh bone called the femur. The hip joint is surrounded by the synovial membrane and this membrane generates a small amount of fluid that lubricates the cartilage and eliminates all sort of friction during the hip movement. The ligaments connect the ball to the socket and provide stability to the joint. In hip replacement, the damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metallic stem. A ball made of metal or ceramic is placed on the upper part of the stem. A metal socket then replaces the damaged cartilage surface. Then, a ceramic, plastic or metal spacer is inserted between the new ball  and the socket to provide a smooth gliding surface

Total knee replacement: In knee replacement, only the surface of the bones are replaced. The knee consists of the femur, the tibia and the kneecap. The cartilage at the ends of the femur and tibia are removed and also some small part of the underlying bone. The metal component is replaced in place of the damaged cartilage. The under part of the kneecap is cut and replaced with a button. Finally, the metallic components are connected through a plastic spacer to provide a smooth gliding surface

Complications after the joint replacement?

The complications observed after a joint/joints replacement have recently come down. Yet the usual complications observed are:

  • Wear on the joint replacements
  • Joints getting loose
  • Blood clots
  • Infection
  • Ball comes out of the socket of the new joint
  • Nerve and blood vessel injury