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General Surgery & Gastroenterolgy

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General Surgery & Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology deals with the management of gastrointestinal disorders. Gastroenterologists diagnose GI disorders and recommend treatments. However,  you may have to visit a general surgeon near you if surgery is the last resort for you.

General surgery doctors in Kanpur are highly qualified. So, you do not have to worry about the surgical procedure. This blog covers everything you should know about gastroenterological disorders. Keep reading!

What Are the Types of Gastrointestinal Disorders?

Some of the most common types of gastrointestinal disorders are:

  • Celiac disease: It is one of the most common autoimmune diseases that affect the small intestine. Celiac disease occurs as your body's autoimmunity reaction to gluten - a protein found in barley, wheat, rye.
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): IBS refers to multiple GI problems that may cause constant abdominal pain, cramps, and bloating. IBS is associated with improper bowel movements.
  • Lactose intolerance: It is a GI disorder associated with a lack of lactase in your body. Lactase is an enzyme that digests lactose in your body.
  • Diarrhea: It is a chronic condition in which your body may pass watery, loose stools. Diarrhea may also imply other disorders such as celiac disease, IBS or other intestinal infections.
  • Constipation: Constipation is one of the most common digestive disorders associated with painful bowel movements. You may experience lower than three bowel movements a week.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): You may often experience heartburn (acid reflux). It occurs when stomach acids reverse into your esophagus and cause a burning sensation.
  • Peptic ulcer disease: You may develop this disease if open sores develop in the inner lining of your stomach.
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease is a severe GI disorder that can affect any part of your GI tract. However, it commonly affects the lower side of the small intestine.
  • Ulcerative colitis: It is similar to Crohn's disease. The only difference is that ulcerative colitis affects the inner lining of the large intestine.
  • Gallstones: These are small stone-like structures that may develop in your gallbladder.
  • Pancreatitis: It refers to the inflammation of the pancreas. Common causes include alcohol, obesity, smoking, and abdominal injuries.
  • Liver disease: The liver plays a crucial role in digestion. Any digestive conditions that affect the liver are termed liver disease. Symptoms may include vomiting, itchy skin, swollen abdomen, dark urine, jaundice, and more.
  • Diverticulitis: It refers to the formation of small pouches in the inner lining of the large intestine. Diverticulitis leads to inflammation due to accumulation of waste in the colon and may infect the organ.

What Are the Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Disorders?

Various symptoms that may indicate a gastrointestinal disorder include:

  • Bloating
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Pain in the belly
  • Acid reflux (heartburn)
  • Improper digestion
  • Urinary or fecal incontinence
  • Problem in swallowing
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Bleeding

What Causes Gastrointestinal Problems?

According to gastroenterologists in Kanpur, common causes of gastrointestinal problems include:

  • A low-fiber diet
  • Stress
  • Dehydration
  • Excessive consumption of dairy products
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Age (old age)
  • Genetic factors

When Should You Visit a Doctor?

Consult a gastroenterology specialist near you as soon as you start experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Call 18605002244 to book an appointment.

What Are the Treatment Options for Gastrointestinal Disorders?

There are two major treatment options for GI disorders:

  • Medication: You may need to take supplements, probiotics, and some over-the-counter drugs to reduce GI disorder symptoms.
  • Surgery: Surgery is the last resort if medications and lifestyle changes don't seem to work.

Depending on your condition, your doctor may suggest various treatments. We advise you to see a gastroenterology specialist near you if you experience digestive problems.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Call 18605002244 to book an appointment.

In a Nutshell

There are different types of gastroenterological disorders that affect your digestive system in various ways. Symptoms may vary from mild to severe. Usually, medicines are enough for treating GI problems. But, in some cases, surgery may be the only option.

References:

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007447.htm

https://www.imaware.health/blog/most-common-gastrointestinal-conditions

How are GI problems diagnosed?

There are various diagnostic tests run for digestive concerns. These include:

  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Colonoscopy
  • Upper GI endoscopy
  • CT enterography

Are all GI disorders fatal?

No, not all GI diseases are fatal. Many digestive tract disorders are treated with medicine. However, there are a few that may require emergency treatment. If not treated properly, they may prove to be life-threatening.

What is a polyp?

A polyp is an abnormal growth that may develop in the lining of the large intestine. While most polyps are benign (non-cancerous), others may turn into cancer.

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