Kidney Doctors in Hyderabad
Also known as nephrologists, kidney doctors specialize in treating the disorders and defects of the kidneys. Did you know? The term nephrologist originates from a Greek term ‘nephro’, which translates to kidney and ‘ologist’ means someone who studies. Kidney doctors at Apollo Spectra are vastly qualified and well-versed in all things related to kidneys.
- Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease occurs when the kidneys no longer function accordingly. This means they may not be able to clear the waste from the blood as they should. This can either occur gradually or all of a sudden. Symptoms of this disorder include; change in the urination pattern, swelling of the feet, ankles, even hands or face, experiencing exhaustion, weakness, shortness of breath, breath that smells like ammonia, metallic taste in mouth, lower back pain, itching, loss of appetite, nausea, and even vomiting.
- Polycystic kidney disease
Kidneys are not very big and are about the size of an average fist. Polycystic kidneys contain cysts in them. These cysts are nothing, but sacs filled with fluid. In some cases, these cysts are so big that they resemble a football and weigh over 20 pounds. Apart from expanding the kidneys, they interfere with the responsibilities of the kidney, which can cause kidney failure. Almost half of the people diagnosed with this disorder, go through end-stage renal disease. And, they need dialysis or a kidney transplant.
- Acute Renal Failure
Acute renal failure and chronic kidney failure are not the same. In chronic kidney failure, the kidney gradually loses its ability to filter the waste and toxins from the blood. But, in acute renal failure, the kidneys lose this ability all of a sudden. This usually occurs due to an injury or a blockage, although a fatal condition, it can be rectified if proper treatment is given at the right time. Basically, this disorder becomes severe, rapidly, in a matter of few days. Hen the kidneys are healthy, it will filter out all the waste and produce urine. When one develops this disorder, the waste remains as it is, in the bloodstream, and can make you very ill.
The most significant symptom of this disorder is the reduction in the urine. There are various other problems associated with low urine because of fluid retention. This includes swelling in legs, feet, and ankles. Other symptoms are; nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, less concentration, numbness or decrease in sensation of hands and feet
- Kidney stones
Kidney stones are the minerals present in the kidneys or urinary system, which become hardened, resembling a stone. When the volume of the urine decreases, there is an increase in the mineral content. Most people experience this disorder once in their life.
Generally, you will not be able to detect any stones, until it causes pain. If the stone is too large, it can block the flow of urine. One of the most common symptoms of a kidney stone is an extreme pain in your lower back and your sides. However, the other symptoms include;
- Bloody urine
- Cloudy urine
- Nausea or vomiting
- Burning sensation or pain while urinating
There are 4 main types of a kidney stone. They are calcium kidney stones, struvite kidney stones, uric acid kidney stones, cystine kidney stones.
- Kidney transplantation
When both the kidneys stop working accordingly, kidney transplant becomes necessary. Our transplant team at Apollo Spectra will walk you through the whole procedure, ensuring you understand it. Sometimes, if you don’t have a live donor, you can be placed on the waiting list, depending upon your severity.
The main criteria of dialysis are to help with the faulty renal function. When the kidneys become damaged, they will no longer be able to function properly, and this leads to waste build-up in your system, making the patient ill. With the help of dialysis, you will be able to fight these symptoms. Dialysis uses a liquid, known as dialysate, which is a mixture of pure water and chemicals. This liquid removes the waste from the bloodstream, without extracting any important substances.