Kidney specialist in Kanpur
Nephrology is the study of the kidneys, which includes, its functionality, maintaining kidney health, diseases related to the kidney, and treatments for preventing kidney diseases. The word ‘nephrology’ comes from a Greek word ‘nephros’, which means ‘kidney’, and ‘logy’ means ‘the study of’. This branch of medicine also studies the systemic conditions, which can cause harm to the kidneys, such as autoimmune disease and diabetes.
Chronic kidney disease
Also known as chronic kidney failure, it is the loss of kidney functions, gradually. Your kidney filters all the waste and extra fluids from the blood, which gets flushed out through the urine. When chronic kidney disease, reach an advanced level, it turns dangerous, where too much fluid, electrolytes, and all the waste gets stored inside the body itself.
During the early stages, a few signs and symptoms of this disorder can be seen. However, it is most difficult to detect the condition until a significant kidney damage occurs.
With treatment, the damage can become slow and the symptoms can be controlled. Chronic kidney disease can also turn into kidney failure and can become fatal, where you might need dialysis or even kidney transplant.
- The symptoms of this condition include;
- Nausea or vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Weakness and exhaustion
- Problems with sleep
- Changes in your urination
- Mental sharpness become low
- Muscle twitches and cramps
- Continuous itching
- Chest pain because of the fluid build-up in the lining of the heart
- Breathlessness because of the fluid build-up in lungs
- Hypertension or high blood pressure, which becomes difficult to control
- Conditions that lead to chronic kidney disease are;
- Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure or hypertension
- The filtering units of kidney become inflamed, it is known as glomerulonephritis
- The tubules of the kidney and the structures around it become inflamed, it is known as interstitial nephritis
Polycystic kidney disease
- Blockage of the urinary tract. This can occur because of an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, and even a few cancers.
- When the urine flows backward into the kidney, it is known as vesicoureteral
- Recurrent kidney infection
- Polycystic kidney disease (PKD)
It is an inherited disease, where cysts develop in groups within the kidneys. This leads to the enlargement of the kidneys and causes it to lose its functionality in time. Cysts are noncancerous, fluid sacs, which can be different in size and can become very large. During this condition, the cysts can also spread to the liver and to other parts of the body. It can also lead to severe complications, such as kidney failure and high blood pressure. With proper treatment, it is possible to manage the complications and reduce the severity. The symptoms include; high blood pressure, back pain, pain in the sides, headaches, feeling full in the abdomen, the size of the abdomen increases due to the enlarged kidneys, kidney infections, blood in urine, kidney stones, kidney failure, and urinary tract infection.
The is disorder occurs due to the inflammation of the kidneys. If not treated on time, it can cause kidney failure. Earlier, this disorder was known as Bright’s disease.
There are different types of nephritis;
- Interstitial nephritis – Here, the space between the tubes of the kidney become inflamed and it can cause the kidneys to swell.
- Pyelonephritis – In this condition, the bacterial infection can cause inflammation of the kidneys. Usually, the infection starts at the bladder, which moves towards uterus and the kidneys.
- Glomerulonephritis – It occurs because of the inflammation in the glomeruli. Glomeruli are the tiny groups of capillaries, which is present in the kidney.
The causes of nephritis are;
- Interstitial nephritis – This condition occurs usually because of allergic reactions, which is caused by medicines or antibiotics. Sometimes, even though the medicines are meant to help you, the body views it as a harmful substance, which results in the body attacking itself. This causes inflammation.
- Pyelonephritis – Usually, this disorder is a result of bacterial infection caused by E. coli. Mainly, this bacterium is present in the large intestine and travels to the stools. It can move upwards towards the bladder and kidneys, causing this disorder. The other causes for this infection are; urinary evaluations, surgery, and kidney stones.
- Glomerulonephritis – The cause of this disorder is unknown, but few of the conditions, which influence it are; issues with the immune system, history with cancer, abscess.
We have solutions for all your kidney problems. Our kidney specialists are highly trained medical professionals, who are knowledgeable, experienced, and compassionate. Our team comprises of excellent healthcare professionals, who are not only dedicated but also offer the best patient care possible. Our kidney specialists will correctly diagnose any kidney problem and help you with the right treatment.