Kidney Stone Treatment in Chennai

Apollo Spectra is a leading hospital when it comes to kidney stone treatment in Chennai. A kidney stone refers to a small, crystalline and hard material formed inside the kidney or the urinary tract. They are extremely painful when passed. The medically accepted term for a kidney stone is ‘Nephrolithiasis’. One in every twenty individuals develops kidney stones at some time in their life. kidney stones form once there’s a decrease in excretion volume and/or an excess of stone-forming substances within the urine.

Kidney stones occur when there is too are substances (Stone-forming) or when there is the reduction in excretion volume. The foremost common kind of kidney stone includes calcium together with either salt or phosphate. A majority of kidney stones are calcium stones. alternative chemical compounds which will form stones within the tract embody uric acid, magnesium ammonium phosphate and therefore the amino acid cysteine. Hindrance to the flow of excretion may also result in the formation of stone.

Kidney stones can also occur due to infection within the urinary tract. These are referred to as infection stones or struvite. Metabolic abnormalities, as well as transmitted disorders of metabolism, will alter the composition of the excreta and increase a person’s risk of stone formation.

Usually, kidney stones are not expected to produce any symptoms. The ones who do have a stone and feel pain, report it as torturing pain in the groins, abdomen or back pain, fever, and chills. Body position changes don’t help you get rid of the pain. it should be therefore severe that it typically occurs with nausea and puking. The pain has been described by people as the most extreme pain of their lifetimes, even worse than the pain of birthing or fractured bones. Stones additionally can cause bloody excretion as well. Sometimes, symptoms like urinary urgency, testicular pain, penile pain, problem urinating, or could occur because of kidney stones.

The diagnosing of kidney stones is suspected once the standard pattern of symptoms is noted and once alternative attainable causes of the abdominal or flank pain are excluded. which is the ideal test to diagnose kidney stones is controversial? Imaging tests are typically done to verify the diagnosis. several patients who visit the hospital room can have a non-contrast CT scan done. this may be done quickly and can facilitate rule out alternative causes for flank or abdominal pain. In pregnant ladies or people who ought to avoid radiation exposure, an ultrasound examination is performed for evaluation.

The treatment varies with respect to the size and extent of the severity of kidney stone. The treatment for minor stones is done through the following ways-

Medical Therapy: In this particular therapy the doctor provides the patient with some specific medicines or drugs. They are known as Alpha Blockers. This medication helps the person pass the kidney stone easily and with lesser pain. Also, The drug relaxes the muscles of the ureter which make the passing of stone quicker.

Hydration: Sometimes drinking lots of water and keeping yourself hydrated can easily help in cleaning the urinary system which can help the passing the kidney stone automatically. But this must be done only when the doctor allows or recommends you to do so.

Pain relievers: Doctor may provide some pain medicines to help with the process of passing a stone which can be painful and uncomfortable.

For bigger Kidney Stones the following treatments are possible

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): In this procedure, sound waves are used to break up the small stones. This is done through shock waves and strong vibrations.

Surgery: The procedure used to remove a kidney stone is called ‘percutaneous nephrolithotomy’. An incision is made at the back through which the stone is cut out with the help of small telescopes and instruments.

Endoscopy: This is a simpler procedure in which a lighted tube is passed to visualize the kidney stone and do the surgery through the body passages.

Ureterorenoscopy: A thin and long tube is passed through the urethra and through the ureter to locate the kidney stone. The stone is broken through laser then and it passes through with the urine. The patient is given general anesthesia under this surgery.

There are various ways to prevent Kidney Stone or at least reduce the risk of one. Such as-

  • Prefer a low salt and non-animal protein diet
  • Stay hydrated, keep drinking water throughout the day
  • Restrict foods rich in oxalates
  • Have calcium-rich foods but within sufficient amount only

Looking for kidney stone treatment in Chennai? Book your appointment today!