Laser Treatment for Fissure in Chennai
Anal fissures are cuts, tears or breaks in the mucosal lining of the anal passage. They may be caused by prolonged diarrhoea, hard or large stools passing through the canal. The excess stress put on the anal lining may cause the tissue to rupture, leading to extreme pain, discomfort, and bleeding. They usually affect small children or babies but can affect people of all ages.
Small anal fissures usually heal on their own within a week. However, chronic fissures may become more severe, painful, and may not heal. In this case, additional treatment is needed which may be surgical or non-surgical.
The usual causes are:
- Excess constipation
- Passing a large stool
- Inflammation of the rectal area by a particular disease such as Crohn’s disease
- In some cases, the cause might be:
- Syphilis, HIV, Herpes, or other STDs
The symptoms of anal fissures usually involve:
- Extreme pain while passing stools or even sitting
- Itching in the anal area
- Muscle spasms around the anus
- Bleeding that can be noticed on the stools or on tissue paper.
Non-surgical treatment of fissures mostly involves self-care measures like consuming sufficient fibre rich food, taking a Sitz bath, applying topical ointments to relax the muscles. Sometimes botox injections injected into the surrounding muscle may relaxes it and promote healing. This method is usually used for small fissures that do not require a surgery.
Surgical treatment usually involves causing a minute cut in the sphincter muscle to aid healing. The sphincter muscles are the ring-like muscles in the rectal and anal passages that help in pushing stools outside and sealing the anus to prevent stool leakage. The latest technology involves making a cut using a controlled laser beam.
It is essential that you consult a physician before deciding on a course of action as using the non-surgical treatment with a serious tear may cause further enlargement of the cut and worsen your problems potentially causing an irreversible ailment.
Laser is used for two reasons:
• Causing a tiny cut in the sphincter muscle will immobilize the muscle thereby relaxing it and preventing any strain on the anus.
• A cut will cause the blood to rush to the area thereby increasing blood flow and promoting healing and tissue remodeling
Most traditional surgeries are done through a surgical scalpel, and the surgeon makes a controlled cut with his practiced hand. However, this procedure has become more refined and is usually accompanied by laser treatment.
The new method of surgical treatment of anal fissure involves the use of a controlled and highly efficient CO2 laser beam producing infrared radiation directed at the mucosa to create microscopic damages in the lining. This causes inflammation and increased blood flow, hence promoting healing. CO2 is also a harmless compound that is easily absorbed and excreted from the bloodstream.
Another method of surgery involves sphincterotomy; a process where a part of the sphincter muscle is cut or stretched. The latter procedure is carried out with a special scalpel-like device specially designed to work along with laser treatment.
It is usually performed under general or spinal anaesthesia. Spinal anaesthesia is used in procedures of the lower extremities of the waist.In the entire process, you will be conscious and awake, but the doctor may give you a light sedative or injection to ensure you stay calm. There is minimal to no pain during the process.
This method takes only 15-30 minutes and must be performed on empty stomach.
2)It is a quick and painless procedure and you can be discharged immediately after the surgery. You can resume your normal work next day.
3)It has a high success rate and easily heals with minimal side effects.
Apollo Spectra has the latest technology to treat fissures. The newly introduced laser treatment for fissure in Chennai is available at our hospital. Using laser gives a great edge in treating fissures with success. It helps in reducing pain and time—serving as an ideal treatment method for patients