Orthopedic doctor in Kondapur
Orthopedic is a branch of medicine that deals with the deformities and impairments of the skeletal system. It mainly deals with the skeletal system and its associated structure, muscles, and ligaments. Orthopedics work on disorders and injuries like knee problems, dislocation, fibromyalgia, torn cartilages, whiplash, foot pain, etc.
It is a condition that causes pain in the muscles and soft tissues. It is a chronic condition that can affect your back, neck, shoulders, hips, chest, buttocks, arms, and legs. Sometimes, the pain can be a whole day which only gets worse with anxiety, stress, and cold or damp weather.
The cause of the disorder is unknown but some researchers have linked the disease with stress and sleep problem. Also, it might be due to endocrine, immune or biochemical problems.
The symptoms of the disorder may also vary according to person to person. Pain will be there in the affected muscles. Pain may start in one part of the body and range from mild to severe. You will feel aching pain, burning, stiffness, and soreness. Also, you might have some sore spots in the muscles, less exercise endurance, depressed mood, tiredness, anxiety, headaches, irritable bowel symptoms, painful menstrual periods, restless legs and fibro fogs which is trouble in thinking clearly.
The treatment of Fibromyalgia depends on the symptoms and age of the patient. There is no cure, but the symptoms can be dealt with. If you have a mild case of fibromyalgia, some lifestyle changes and stress reduction might do the job. However, in severe cases, the treatment might include anti-inflammatory medicines, exercises, physical therapy, relaxation methods, hot and cold treatments, and massage.
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
It is a syndrome in which the median nerve is compressed. The median nerve passes through the carpal tunnel which is an opening in the wrist formed by the transverse carpal ligament from the wrist’s top and carpal bones on the bottom of the wrist. The median nerve is responsible for providing motor and sensory functions to 3 middle fingers and the thumb.
If the median nerve gets compressed
There is no specific cause behind carpal tunnel syndrome. However, there are some contributing factors like repetitive small movements with the hands, joint or bone disease, hormonal or metabolic changes, family history, injuries of the wrist, and changes in the blood sugar level.
If the median nerve gets compressed or irritated, you may showcase the following symptoms:
- Inability to grip objects
- Pins and needles feeling in the fingers and thumb
- Pain and numbness in the hands
- Swollen fingers
- Burning sensation in the fingers.
The diagnosis of the carpal tunnel syndrome includes an electro-diagnostic test that stimulated the nerves and muscles of the hand to see how they work.
The treatment of the syndrome depends on your age, the condition of the wrist, medical history, and tolerance towards specific medication. Treatment may include:
- Anti-inflammatory medication (reduces swelling)
- Splinting the hand (keeps your wrist from moving, easing the nerve compression)
- Surgery (eases the nerve compression)
- Exercises (stretching and strengthening)
It is a disorder caused due to weak, thinning bones. This puts the bones at a greater risk of breaking. The bones most affected by this are hips, wrists, and spine.
The exact cause of osteoporosis is unknown however there are some factors that contribute to the disease:
Bones become weaker and less dense with age.
People with less muscle and weight are at more risk.
Excessive use of caffeine, lack of physical activity, smoking, drinking, Vitamin D deficiency, and dietary calcium can increase the risk.
- Family History
The symptoms of osteoporosis might look like other bone disorders. There will be a pain in their bones and muscles. In some cases, a collapsed vertebra might cause pain, spinal deformity, and a decrease in height.
The disorder can be diagnosed by bone density test, a blood test that checks potassium and calcium level, FRAX score, and X-rays. Once diagnosed, the orthopedist will figure out the best treatment plan for you depending on your age, medical history, and tolerance to medications. The aim is to prevent fractures, minimize bone loss and decrease pain. For this, the orthopedist might suggest Estrogen Replacement therapy, Bisphosphonates, Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators, Parathyroid hormone, and Monoclonal antibody.