Orthopedic Surgeon in Mumbai
Orthopedics is a medical specialty that deals with the diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. This involves all the bones, muscles, nerves, joints, tendons, and ligaments that help you work and move.
An Orthopedist is the one who deals with people of all ages, from children with bone deformities to young adults dealing with injuries to old people with bone disorders like arthritis.
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an orthopedic disorder that is mostly genetic. It is caused when there is a defect in the gene that produces type 1 collagen. It is an important ingredient for bone building. OI can lead to extremely fragile bones. The symptoms of the disorder are weak bones, flat feet, early hearing loss, bowed legs and arms, blue tint to the whites of the eyes, short stature, poor teeth quality, loose joints, and frequent bone fractures. If your parents had OI, you have a 50 percent higher risk of getting this condition. A skin punch biopsy that diagnoses DNA is a diagnostic method for this condition. If a pregnant mother has OI, a chorionic villus sampling is done to check if the unborn baby has the disorder or not. Unfortunately, there is no cure for OI. There are therapies that can help you deal with the pain and complications. There are medications that can increase the density and strength of bones. In some severe cases, a surgery might be required in which a metal rod is inserted. However, despite surgery, fractures will continue happening but you will recover.
• Rotator cuff tendinitis
A rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons present in the shoulder that connects the shoulder blade to the upper arm. Rotator cuff tendinitis is a condition in which the rotator cuff gets inflamed. It is usually found in people who play sports like tennis, baseball, swimming, etc. that require frequent movement of the shoulders.
The symptoms of the rotator cuff tendinitis are mild and unless it is treated the right way, it will get worse over time. Some of these symptoms are:
- Stiffness in the joint
- Loss of mobility
For the treatment of the condition, the orthopedists at Apollo Spectra will try physical therapy to restore mobility. If the therapy doesn’t work, the only option might be a surgery. Depending on the pain and level of immobility, the surgery can be a bone spur removal, arthroscopic tendon repair, or open tendon repair.
Osteopenia is an early stage of osteoporosis. It is a condition in which the body is unable to produce new bone as quickly as the old bone degenerates. Since the bone loss happens slowly, there are not many signs of it. But, there can be some early signs of development:
- A backache
- Loss of bone in the jaw
- Stooped posture
While anyone can develop this condition, there are a few factors that put you at a higher risk including heavy consumption of alcohol, smoking, inactive lifestyle, history of osteoporosis in the family, early menopause, a thin body frame, and consuming less calcium-rich diets.
The condition can be diagnosed by a DEXA scan, quantitative computed tomography, blood test, or bone densitometry. There are a lot of options for the treatment of osteopenia. Depending on your condition, the treatment begins with some medications and making lifestyle adjustments. Some weight-bearing exercises are recommended to strengthen the bones. Diet must include calcium-rich foods. Also, stay away from alcohol consumption and smoking.
A degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis in which the cartilages present in the joints wear down over time. It can affect any joint but is usually limited to the hands, knees, hips, and spine.
When the cartilage starts deteriorating over time, the surface of the cartilage starts becoming rough and causes irritation. This results in bones rubbing each other resulting in damage and pain. The clear cause of osteoarthritis is unknown. Some possible causes include joint injury, aging, being overweight, muscle weakness, and heredity.
The symptoms of the disorder develop over time. Some of these include:
- Pain in the joint
- Loss of flexibility
- Bone spurs
- Grating sensation
Unfortunately, there is no cure for osteoarthritis. However, at Apollo Spectra, we offer a treatment plan that will help you ease the pain and maintain joint movement to carry out day-to-day tasks. We know that surgery can be a big step, so before going through the joint replacement surgery, we will make sure that you have tried all the possible solutions.
• Lumbar Radiculopathy
It is a condition in which the spinal nerve in the lower back of the leg gets compressed, irritated and inflamed. It can display the following symptoms like pain, tingling, and numbness in the arms and legs, sciatica, low back pain, and muscle weakness.
Any person who has a family history of the condition, spine disorder of any kind, performs contact sports, or does heavy labor is at a higher risk of developing the condition.
At our hospital, we begin the treatment with non-surgical methods like medications, spinal injections, or physical therapy. If these treatment options don’t work, your surgeon may suggest surgery.