Pulmonologist in Chennai
A pulmonologist is someone who specializes in the diagnosis and treatments of the conditions related to the respiratory system. The organs that come under the respiratory system are; nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli.
Asthma is an inflammatory disease that occurs in the lungs. It causes breathing difficulties and leads to coughing or wheezing fits. It also causes tightness in the chest and shortness of breath. It is a very common chronic condition and almost 300 million people across the world suffer from this disorder and 1/10th of them are Indians.
Normally when you breathe, the air enters through the nose and travels down the throat, reaching the lungs. The tiny air passages present in the lungs helps the oxygen travel into the bloodstream. One experiences the symptoms of asthma when these air passages get swollen and the muscles surrounding them become tight. The airways are then filled with mucus, decreasing the amount of air that can enter. And, because of this, the asthma patient suffers from an asthma attack, i.e. coughing and a tightness in the chest. There are several types of asthma. They are;
- Allergic Asthma
Also known as extrinsic asthma, allergens are responsible for this condition. They are; pet dander, food, mold, pollen, and dust. It is usually seasonal.
- Nonallergic asthma
Also known as intrinsic asthma, the irritants that are not allergens and are present in the air, are responsible for this disorder. These irritants include; smoke from a cigarette, burning wood, air pollution, cold air, viral infection, air fresheners, cleaning products, and perfumes.
- Cough-variant asthma
This disorder doesn’t display the usual asthma symptoms, such as wheezing or breathlessness. It causes continuous dry cough.
- Exercise-induced asthma (EIA)
People suffering from EIA experience the symptoms within 10 minutes of starting a physical activity.
- Nocturnal asthma
As the name suggests, this condition aggravates at night. The most common triggers are; pet dander, heartburn, dust mites, and natural sleep cycle of the body.
- Occupational asthma
This condition is triggered by the irritants present in the workplace. They are; dust, dyes, gases, fumes, industrial chemicals, animal proteins, and rubber latex. People who work in farming, textiles, woodworking, and manufacturing are prone to this.
In this condition, the bronchial tubes of the lungs become damaged permanently or become wide or thick. As the air passages become damaged, the bacteria and mucus enter and build-up in the lungs. This leads to infections and airway blockages. Although there is no cure for this disorder, with proper care, one can manage it effectively, living a normal life. If there are flare-ups, you must seek immediate medical attention in order to maintain the flow of oxygen in the body and prevent lung damage. The main cause of this disorder is an injury to the lungs.
Bronchiectasis can be categorized into two types- CF bronchiectasis and non-CF bronchiectasis. The CF bronchiectasis is related to cystic fibrosis. The reasons for non-CF bronchiectasis are;
- The immune system, which doesn’t function accordingly
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency (it is associated with COPD)
- Allergic reaction of lungs to fungus
- Lung infections
The symptoms include; chronic dry cough, spotting blood after coughing, wheezing, abnormal sounds in the chest, shortness of breath, chest pain, thick mucus in a cough, weight loss, exhaustion, the skin under nails and toes become thick, and frequent respiratory infection.
It is a lung disease, which mostly occurs in smokers. However, it can also affect non-smokers who breathe in harmful irritants regularly. This disorder destroys the alveoli, i.e. the air sacs of the lungs. This damage causes the sacs to break down, decreasing the surface area of the lungs. Therefore, it also reduces the amounts of oxygen that reach the bloodstream. People suffering from this condition find it hard to breathe, mainly while exercising. It can also lead to loss of elasticity in the lungs. Although this condition is not curable, with the help of treatment, the diseases slow down, and the symptoms get reduced.
The symptoms of this disorder are not always visible. Some people suffer from this condition for years without even knowing about it. However, the symptoms include; breathlessness, coughing, exhaustion, weight loss, depression, and fast heartbeat.
At Apollo Spectra Chennai, you will come across the best pulmonologists of the country. With a vast knowledge and experience, they are the best in their field. Our facility consists of modern technology combined with a well-versed pulmonology team, who are also very compassionate and provide excellent care to the patients. Our doctors regularly partake in various research in order to come up with ground-breaking medical treatments.