Pulmonologist in Gwalior

Pulmonology is a branch of medical science, which focuses on the respiratory system. Pulmonologists diagnose and treat all disorders and diseases related to the respiratory system.

What is a respiratory system?
The respiratory system consists of all the organs that aid breathing. The major parts of the respiratory system are the lungs, airways, and the respiratory muscles. The parts that fall under airways include;

  • Nose
  • Mouth
  • Pharynx
  • Larynx
  • Trachea
  • Bronchi
  • Bronchioles
  • Alveoli

When we breathe, various muscles take part in the process. The main part is the diaphragm and the other muscles include;

  • Intercostal muscles help with inhalation
  • Accessory muscles also help with inhalation, but they don’t play a major role
  • Exhalation muscles help with exhalation, which can be active or forceful
Who is a pulmonologist?
Pulmonologists are specialists who detect and treat disorders, which can affect the respiratory system in men, women, and children. They are experts in treating infections, structural disorders, inflammatory conditions, neoplastic disorders (tumors), and autoimmune disorders. Sometimes these conditions can reach the cardiovascular system as well.
What is pulmonology?
A field of medical science, which deals detection and treatment of the respiratory system disorders. The pulmonology subspecialties include;

  • Interstitial lung disease – This is associated with the inflamed disorders and scars
  • Interventional pulmonology uses multidisciplinary methods to treat the disorders related to the airways, lung cancers and pleural diseases.
  • Lung transplantation pre-and-post-surgery management
  • Neuromuscular diseases is a disorder, which occurs because of the respiratory system failure.
  • Obstructive lung disorder is a condition where the airways become blocked or narrow
  • Sleep-disordered breathing
What are the most common disorders treated by a pulmonologist at Apollo Spectra Gwalior?
  • Asthma – It is a disorder where the airways to the lungs become inflamed. It can cause difficulty in breathing and can make physical activity extremely difficult and in some cases, even impossible. The symptoms of this condition include; coughing, which may become serious at night, wheezing, tightness in chest, shortness of breath, and exhaustion.
  • Bronchiectasis – In this disorder, the bronchial tubes of the lungs become wide, thick, or permanently damaged. The damaged tube allows the bacteria and mucus to accumulate and stay in the lungs. Although there is no cure for this disorder, with proper care, the symptoms are easily manageable. The symptoms of this disorder include;
    • A chronic cough, which occurs every day
    • ronchiectasis – In this disorder, the bronchial tubes of the lungs become wide, thick, or permanently damaged. The damaged tube allows the bacteria and mucus to accumulate and stay in the lungs. Although there is no cure for this disorder, with proper care, the symptoms are easily manageable. The symptoms of this disorder include;
    • Coughing up blood
    • You may notice abnormal sounds in the chest or wheezing in the chest while breathing
    • Shortness of breath
    • Chest pain
    • You may cough up large amounts of mucus daily
    • Sudden and unexpected weight loss
    • Fatigue
    • The skin under the nails and toes may become thick, which is known as clubbing
    • You may experience frequent respiratory infections
  • Bronchitis

Bronchitis is of two types-acute and chronic. Chronic bronchitis is a long-term disorder where the inflammation of the surface lining of the bronchial airways will always be present. Generally, smoking is the main reasons why people suffer from this disorder. Acute inflammation is short-term and can also be contagious. The symptoms of this disorder include; coughing, wheezing, breathing problems, pain in the chest, discomfort, phlegm, feeling very tired, low-grade fever, and chills.

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

It is a group of progressive lung diseases, which makes breathing very hard. The symptoms can be very mild in the beginning, but as time passes, it can turn serious. The symptoms of this condition include;
Mild symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath, which can occur mainly after any physical activity
  • A cough, which may be mild, but can be recurrent
  • You may feel the need to clear your throat often, mainly in the morning

Moderate symptoms:

  • You may experience shortness of breath just after a simple physical activity, like walking or climbing the stairs.
  • Wheezing or breathing very noisily
  • Tightness in the chest
  • A chronic cough, which can be accompanied by mucus
  • You may feel the need to clear mucus from your lungs every single day
  • Frequent cold
  • Flu
  • Experiencing respiratory infections frequently
  • Lack of energy

Serious symptoms:

  • Exhaustion
  • Swelling of ankles or legs
  • Sudden and unexpected weight loss

You need immediate medical attention if;

  • Your lips or fingertips turn bluish or gray. This means the oxygen levels of the blood have become too low.
  • You are having trouble breathing and are not even able to talk
  • You feel confused or dizzy all of a sudden
  • Your heart is racing exceedingly
Why Apollo Spectra?
At Apollo Spectra, you will come across renowned pulmonologists to treat all types of respiratory disorders. They are not only highly qualified but also come with a vast experience. Our staff comprises of dedicated members who are exceptional in providing the best patient care. With the required knowledge, they assist our doctors and act as your support system. If you notice any of the respiratory symptoms, visit your nearest Apollo Spectra today!