A torn or damaged cartilage ring (labrum) or ligaments (in cases of shoulder instability)
Stiffness of the shoulder
An arthroscopy can take up to one and a half hours, depending on whether your surgeon is finding out the cause of your shoulder pain or repairing the shoulder joint.
Once the anaesthesia has taken effect, small cuts (about 5mm long) are made in the skin around the shoulder that is being treated. Sterile fluid is injected into the joint to help produce a clearer picture. The arthroscope is inserted through one of these cuts into the joint.
At the end of the procedure, the fluid is drained out of the joint and any cuts are closed. Dressings will be used to cover the cuts.