Gynaecology – Problems, Procedure, Surgery and Treatment

As much as it is neglected, a woman’s sexual health is a worrisome topic and at Apollo Spectra, we make sure your sexual health is in the hands of the best doctors. Spectra Institutes of Gynaecology at Apollo Spectra Hospitals comprises of highly qualified and experienced Gynaecologists who focus on comprehensive and specialized care for women’s health and offer a wide range of surgical and non-surgical expertise. At Apollo Spectra Hospitals, we treat most of the Gynaecological conditions effectively through minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques, ensuring the least hospital stay and faster recovery for patients. Ultra-modern Modular OTs with High-tech Laparoscopic units of international standards for better clinical outcomes. It prides itself on having renowned doctors with expertise in treating Fibroids, Urinary Tract and Pelvic Disorders, Cancer of the Cervix, PCOD etc. The general procedures performed at Apollo Spectra are –


Hysterectomy is a procedure in which a woman’s uterus is completely removed. Other than cancer, hysterectomy is performed only when all other options for treatment have exhausted. The rate of performing hysterectomy falls in the range of 4% to 6% in India which is significantly lower than the global average.

Reasons behind the requirement of the hysterectomy procedure include the following:

–          The most common reason is the removal of uterine fibroids.

–          Uterus cancer or endometrial cancer.

–          Ovarian Cancer

–          Cancer of the cervix or cervical dysplasia

–          Tumours in the uterus

–          Painful periods caused by Adenomyosis

–          Long-term vaginal bleeding that cannot be controlled by medicines or other surgeries.

–          Complications during childbirth.

At Apollo Spectra, we understand each patient had different needs, so we provide you with multiple options to suit your specific needs. This is done keeping in mind a woman’s overall health, medical history as well as facilities available.  The main approach followed for a hysterectomy procedure at Apollo Spectra includes:

–          Open or Traditional surgery – This involves an abdominal hysterectomy. In this approach an incision is made of about five to seven inches according to the surgeon and the uterus is removed.

–          Minimally invasive procedure – This calls for the least size of incision to be made to remove the uterus.

The results of a hysteroscopy include:

–          Incapability to bear a child

–          Abrupt menopause, heat flashes, the thinness of vagina as well as loss of libido

–          Relief from symptom of uterine fibroids

There are no major side effects but women who undergo hysterectomy might experience:

–          Chronic pain

–          Vaginal prolapsed

–          Urinary incontinence and

–          Fistula formation

At Apollo Spectra we try our best to give patients the least possible hospital-stay without affecting the quality of service. The recovery time after the hysterectomy depends on the kind of procedure performed. But the general recovery time falls somewhere between two to six weeks or more in case of major surgery like an abdominal hysterectomy.

Endometrial Ablations

The endometrium is a layer of tissue lining the inside of a woman’s uterus (lining of the womb). When this tissue is present on the other organs inside your body, this condition is called Endometriosis. This tissue usually found in reproductive organs like ovaries, the fallopian tubes and tissues around the uterus and the ovaries, but may appear in other organs as well.

The reason why an organ outside the uterus may form abnormal tissues may be as follows:

–          Retrograde menstruation where the menstrual blood flows back through the fallopian tubes and sticks to organs surrounding it.

–          Transformation of cells that line the inner side of your abdomen

–          Women suffering from immune system disorder

–          Genetically transferred

At Apollo Spectra, we devise several ways for our patients to treat this disease as per their convenience and cure it in the early stages. The treatment options we offer are:

–          Medical Management  – Herein we try to treat the condition with help of medicinal discourse. Pain medication, hormone therapy, and certain at-home steps are advised to treat endometriosis

–          Surgical Management – This way of treating endometriosis involves undergoing surgery especially if one is thinking of pregnancy. However, both pain and endometriosis may return.

There may be certain risk factors associated with endometriosis:

–          Women, who are actively menstruated, have menses for more than 7 days, the menstrual cycle is irregular, you have abnormally shaped reproductive organs or have never been pregnant then you are at a higher risk of suffering from endometriosis.

At Apollo Spectra, we aim to provide women of all ages with expert care and treatment. Our gynaecologists ensure you are advised the best option for your case, your treatment is carried out comprehensively and post-treatment care is imparted to ensure a smooth transition to your routine life.


Myomectomy is the surgery performed to remove fibroids from a woman’s uterus. Fibroids are the most common type of uterine tumours. Most fibroids cause very minor symptoms but 1 in 4 women will develop symptoms to affect and require treatment. At Apollo Spectra, we understand what becoming a mother means to a woman, and so we try to provide with the best possible cure for the condition. Our expert gynaecologists may prescribe fibroid shrinking hormone therapy before myomectomy.

Further Laparoscopic Myomectomy may be performed to remove subserosal fibroids utilizing a laparoscope. In this, minimal incisions are required to perform the surgery. Apollo Spectra takes pride in the fact that world’s largest Fibroid weighing 6.5 kilos was removed by Dr, Malvika Sabharwal at Apollo Spectra Hospitals. As our doctors advise you on the best possible way to treat the condition, our team of specialized nurses makes sure you are given the best post-treatment care and sent back home fit and fine.

Abnormal Pap Smear

A Pap smear test is a procedure that is used to find abnormal cells in the cervix i.e. the lowest part of your uterus which is located at the top of the vagina.  Any undesirable change in the cell composition or the formation of abnormal cells in the cervix can be determined by an abnormal pap smear although, having an abnormal Pap smear, doesn’t always mean you have cancer. The Pap Smear test should be included in a woman’s routine physical exam because any abnormality may be indicative of cervical cancer.

At Apollo Spectra we believe that a patient must know all the in-and-about of any test before getting started. We explain to our patients what the procedure entails and the risks involved in the procedure. There is actually no prerequisites to a Pap Smear test but is advised not to have sexual intercourse, not to use vaginal creams, medicines, powders or tampons about 48- 50 hours before the test. In this test, a sample of mucus and cells are taken from cervix and the endocervix using a cervical brush or a wooden scraper. This test can be performed at any time of the month and doesn’t take more than a few minutes.

Removal of ovarian and fallopian cyst

Commonly occurring in women of reproductive age, in this condition, the woman develops fluid-filled pockets of tissue on the ovary or fallopian tube. This happens because of ovulation. Most cysts are painless and harmless and resolve on their own. In rare cases, they might require removal through procedures.

Most follicular or ovarian cysts are treatable by medicines and can be prevented from returning by following a healthy lifestyle, but in some cases where the cysts are big enough to cause immense pain and block blood flow to your ovaries or fallopian tubes, your doctor may suggest you undergo a surgery for cyst removal.

Risks associated with Follicular or Ovarian cysts-

–       Non-cancerous ovarian cysts cause high and imbalanced hormone levels

–       This may cause a pregnant woman’s baby daughter to develop ovarian cysts before she is even born.

–       In some cases, if not treated at the right time, Ovarian cysts may turn into cancer or tumour. So the earlier the diagnosis the better the treatment.

Specialists at Apollo Spectra make sure to diagnose the cause of the condition and its severity and based on which our doctors advise on a plan of action to treat the condition of the patient. There are no defined risks of this procedure and it’s very easy and quick. A patient can recover in 2 to 5 days and return to their routine life. Your doctor may prescribe some oral contraceptives or other medicines to help prevent cysts from returning.

Breast Surgery

We at Apollo Spectra have specialists to treat breast-related conditions. We treat conditions from breast cysts, lumps, tumours to complete breasts removal. The need for these procedures may be anything from cysts to tumours wherein the complete breast needs to be removed to prevent the infection from spreading to the surrounding tissues


We at Apollo spectra take pride in having the best of the class doctors in the country to treat various gynaecological conditions in women. From performing surgeries to remove tumours from the uterus to treating endometrium, vaginal and ovarian cancers, our specialists believe in imparting patients with the best possible healthcare services as your health is our prime concern.


What age should I go to the gyno?

It is advisable to have your first gynaecological exam at the age of 21 or sooner if you begin sexual activity at an early age.

What is the recommended age for the first mammogram?

Women over the age of 30 should have a mammogram every 5 years. Women above the age of 40 should have mammograms every one to two years.

Why Apollo Spectra?

At Apollo Spectra, our team of specialists believe in giving patients the best possible healthcare experience with minimally invasive techniques to faster the process of recovery with the minimum stay at the hospital. Our specialists will explain you the whole process with minute details and help you to be at ease with the procedures.