Total Laparoscopic hysterectomy meaning, procedure, recovery steps
Uterus cancer, abnormal uterine bleeding, genital prolapse and chronic pelvic pain are some of the common reasons that hinder the regular functioning of the uterus. This can be treated by laparoscopic removal of the uterus.
Total hysterectomy – This includes the removal of complete uterus and cervix.
Supracervical hysterectomy – In this type of hysterectomy, only the uterus is removed leaving behind the cervix.
Total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy – This type of hysterectomy involves the removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Radical hysterectomy – This includes the removal of structures around the uterus which is mostly recommended for cancer diagnosis.
The individuals who have the following conditions are considered the right candidates for undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy:
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Uterus cancer
- Prolapse of the uterus
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Uterine fibroids
- Smaller incisions
- Less post-operative pain
- Most desirable results
- Reduces the risks of complications
- Before the procedure
It is important to stay fit and healthy before undergoing the surgery which helps reduce the risk of developing complications post-surgically.
The doctor recommends certain measures that must be followed before undergoing the surgery which includes:
- Stop smoking and consuming alcohol to avoid negative consequences.
- Eat a healthy and balanced diet.
- Inform the doctor about the use of regular medications.
- Exercise regularly to lose weight (in case of overweight).
- Schedule a general checkup before the treatment to ensure that the individual is fit.
Before starting the procedure, the surgeon administers anesthesia to numb the lower part of the body. An incision is made, through which a tiny camera in inserted to view the internal structures. Another one or two incisions are made to insert the specialized instruments to remove the uterus. The procedure lasts for 2-3 hours and requires less time for recovery.
Like any other surgery, hysterectomy can lead to possible complications such as:
- Internal infection
- Ovary failure
- Vaginal problems
- Damage to the bowel or bladder
- Internal bleeding