Knee arthroscopy has in many cases replaced the classic arthrotomy that was performed in the past. Today knee arthroscopy is commonly performed for treating meniscus injury, reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament and for cartilage microfracturing.
During an average knee arthroscopy, a small fiber-optic camera (the arthroscope) is inserted into the joint through a small incision, about 4 mm (1/8 inch) long. A special fluid is used to visualize the joint parts. More incisions might be performed in order to check other parts of the knee. Then other miniature instruments are used and the surgery is performed.
The femur, the tibia and the patella (kneecaps) come together to form the knee joint. It plays an immense role in ensuring flexibility of movement, heavy lifting and balance. Anatomically, this modified hinge joint is made of many parts including bones, tendons and ligaments. All of these parts are very delicately balanced and need attention and care which we often times do not provide. While the knee can withstand gross amount of weight and abuse, there are some things one should keep in mind:
- A healthy knee means mobile joints above and below the knee, strong knee joint and proper mechanics during physical movement.
- Knees are vulnerable – to age and excessive wear and tear.
- Inflammation, knee cap pain, torn meniscus, ligament problem and arthritis are common knee-related problem faced by many.
- Wearing non-bouncy, relatively flat footwear and ensuring you are exercising correctly are practical ways of ensuring the knee joint is safeguarded.
Knee pain is something that affects millions of people worldwide every single day. With 20% of all men experiencing knee pain at some point and more women than men suffering from knee-related pain, it is an issue that cannot be taken lightly. According to one research, osteoarthritis is the most prevalent form of arthritis in India, affecting over 15 million adults every year. To understand the issue with the knee better and in order to treat it correctly, a procedure called arthroscopy exists.