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General Surgery and Gastroenterology

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General Surgery and Gastroenterology

General surgery is a broad surgical specialty, with general surgeons being experts in a wide range of surgeries such as those of the abdominal or endocrine region. The general surgeon has a team comprising an anesthesiologist, nurses, and surgical technicians.
There are various fields in which general surgeons are in high demand. Some of the most common surgical procedures under general surgery are:

  • Appendectomy- The appendix in the human body is a small tube branching off the intestine. It is a vestigial organ but can get infected; the infection is called appendicitis. To eradicate the infection, the vermiform appendix is removed in a surgery called an appendectomy.
  • Breast biopsy- This procedure involves the removal of a small tissue of the breast and its examination. The tissue is removed with a special biopsy needle or through surgery. The main aim of breast biopsy is to check lumps in the breast. The breast lumps are sometimes carcinogenic; therefore, it is important to check them. 
  • Cataract surgery- Cataract causes a cloudy appearance in the eye lens, making the vision blur. Thus, during cataract surgery, the blurred lens is replaced with an artificial lens. 
  • Cesarean section- The cesarean section or C-section is the delivery of the baby through an incision in the abdomen and uterus of the mother. The doctors advise the C-section when there is a risk to either the baby or mother in the normal delivery. 
  • Hysterectomy- It is the complete removal of a woman’s abdominal parts. It involves complete removal of all reproductive parts such as ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, and other structures too. After a hysterectomy, the woman will not experience her normal menstrual periods. It can cause some after-surgery side-effects like that of menopause such as night sweats.
  • Mastectomy- Mastectomy is the surgical removal of a part of the breast or the entire breast in case of cancer. The lumps or entire breast are removed as per the condition of the patient.
  • Endocrine surgery- General surgeons also deal with the removal of endocrine glands with disorders. These glands include thyroid or parathyroid and adrenal glands.

When to See a General Surgeon?

General surgeons deal with a variety of cases and disorders. Thus, you might have to contact the surgeons in the following cases:

  • Medical emergency- In case of an emergency such as heart surgeries, you may have to contact general surgeons. They have high knowledge and experience to deal with medical emergencies.
  • Surgery recommendation- A doctor can recommend a surgical procedure for a particular condition. 
  • Elective Surgery- Elective surgery is the process or surgery performed at the will or choice of the patient and doctors. These surgeries are not compulsory to perform. The patient’s choice will determine the surgery that happens. These surgeries are plastic surgeries, cosmetic surgeries, tonsillectomies, hernia repairs, tubectomy, or vasectomy. 

You can easily contact Apollo Spectra Hospitals in case of any surgeries or health issues.

Request an appointment at  Apollo Spectra Hospitals

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment

Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology refers to the study of the diseases and treatment of abdominal contents of the human body. They usually deal with the dysfunctioning of abdominal parts such as the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, liver, bile, or esophagus. 

Diseases treated by gastroenterologists are as follows-

  • Peptic ulcer diseases- In this disease, painful ulcers develop in the lining of the stomach or other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. It can be due to some bacterial infections. 
  • Gastric cancers- In this type of cancer, cancerous cells develop in the lining of the stomach. This may be due to poor diet or age. The symptoms include indigestion, bloating, and abdominal pain.
  • Hepatitis- Hepatitis refers to the malfunctioning or inflammation of the liver. This can be acute or chronic and can damage the liver. It is usually due to viral infections.

Conclusion

General surgery and gastroenterology involve surgical treatments of several diseases. However, general surgeons have a wide variety of scopes for different surgeries, whereas gastroenterologists focus only on diseases concerning the abdominal region. The disease concerning the gastrointestinal tract or other body parts can easily be terminated through proper medications and care.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment

What do general surgeons do?

General surgeons perform surgical procedures to treat a disease or disorder.

Name the most important general surgeries?

The most important general surgeries are endoscopy and skin excision.

When to see a gastroenterologist?

In case of any digestive disorder, you may consult a gastroenterologist.

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