What is Endocrinology?
Endocrinology is the field of medicine that deals with the study of functioning, disorders, and treatment of endocrine glands. Endocrine glands are the hormone-secreting glands in the human body. They are ductless glands, i.e., they secrete directly into the bloodstream. The common endocrine glands are the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, pineal, parathyroid, hypothalamus, pancreas, testes, and ovaries.
The specialist in endocrinology is an endocrinologist. The disorders of endocrine glands are due to improper secretions of hormones. Therefore, the treatment of endocrine glands involves establishing the normal balance of hormonal secretions, as a hormonal imbalance can result in various diseases.
Which Diseases Affect the Endocrine Glands?
Some of the most common endocrine disorders are as follows -
- Diabetes Mellitus - Diabetes mellitus is a very common endocrine disorder. Diabetes can be of two types. In Type 1 diabetes, the body becomes incapable of producing insulin. Whereas in Type 2, the body's cells fail to respond to insulin, leading to increased blood sugar levels.
- Thyroid diseases - The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ that produces hormones such as thyroxine. The thyroid disorders occur due to excess or less secretion of its hormones. If the thyroid gland produces an excess hormone, then the condition is known as hyperthyroidism. In the case of lower hormone production, it is hypothyroidism.
- PCOS - PCOS stands for polycystic ovary syndrome, a disease found in females of reproductive age. PCOS patients have long or infrequent menstrual cycles. The exact cause of PCOS is not clear. It may be the result of some genetic or environmental defects. Patients may have excess secretion of certain hormones.
When Should I Visit an Endocrinologist?
There are certain common indicators of hormonal imbalance that you should watch out for. These include:
- Sudden and excessive weight loss or gain
- Irregular menstrual cycles in females
- The onset of anxiety or depression
Typically, the symptoms of diabetes also show up in the diet, such as excessive hunger or thirst, followed by frequent urination. Symptoms specific to thyroid diseases include muscle weakness and sensitivity to temperature changes. Excessive hair growth on the body is a typical sign of PCOS.
If you are experiencing one or more of these symptoms, don't worry. Consult your primary care physician or seek guidance from an endocrinologist to decide the best course of action. Request an appointment now at -
Request an appointment at
BIG Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Patna
What is the Treatment for Endocrine Diseases?
Endocrine disorder treatments are tricky because different hormones affect each other, and the levels of hormones in the body exist in a delicate balance. Disorders that affect the endocrine glands may not have a complete cure, but proper management of the hormonal balance helps treat the effects of these disorders. The treatment options include:
- Hormone Therapy - Endocrinologists often prescribe hormone supplements to patients to adjust their hormone levels. For diabetes, regular injections help maintain the insulin level in the body.
- Medication - Patients with diabetes get oral medications. Oral drugs also treat thyroid conditions. Medications can stop the patient's body from secreting certain hormones. They can also combat common side effects such as vomiting or anxiety.
- Surgery - Endocrine surgery is a subspecialty of endocrinology that involves removing certain glands in extreme cases.
The combination of a balanced diet and regular exercise supports your endocrine health. To determine the right treatment options for you, request an appointment at -
Hormones are chemicals secreted by the endocrine glands. They act as messengers, using your bloodstream to reach different organs, and regulate all processes from mood, hunger to heartbeat, energy production, and so on. They are crucial to your functioning.
The endocrine glands in the human body are the pituitary, thyroid, hypothalamus, adrenal, pineal, parathyroid, pancreas, testes, and ovaries.
A healthy, active lifestyle with adequate exercise helps to keep these diseases at bay. Reduce stress and maintain a proper sleep cycle. Limit alcohol intake and smoking, and seek medical help when needed in a proper and timely manner.