The bones, ligaments, muscles, and joints in our body constitute our musculoskeletal system. It provides stability, structure and enables smooth movement as we perform different activities. Orthopaedics is a branch of medicine concerned with preventing, diagnosing, and treating parts of our musculoskeletal system.
Medical professionals specializing in disorders/diseases affecting these crucial parts of our body are called Orthopaedicians. They use surgical and non-surgical techniques to cure musculoskeletal trauma, degenerative diseases, sports injuries, congenital disorders, and so on.
To know more, visit an Orthopaedic center near you or search for an ortho doctor near you.
What Are the Different Types of Orthopaedic Disorders/Diseases?
There is a wide range of orthopedic disorders, which include:
- Joint pain
- Trauma or an injury
- Soft tissue injuries (ligaments, muscles, tendons)
- Arthritis (and its subtypes
- Back pain
- Spine disorders
- Slipped disc
- Slipped shoulder
- Bone spurs
- Ligament tear
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Sports injuries
- Wear and tear or injuries of joints due to overuse
- Torn meniscus
What Are the Symptoms of Orthopaedic Disorders?
The signs and symptoms vary depending on the specific orthopedic condition and include:
- Joint pain
- Muscle pain and spasms
- Tingling sensation
- Redness and swelling
- Loss of function
- Weakness or fatigue
- Difficulty in moving limbs
- Pain resulting from repetitive movement
- Pain while walking, lifting, or other actions
- Restricted range of movement
You must consult an Orthopedician immediately if you experience any of the above symptoms. An experienced orthopaedic specialist in Patna can diagnose and recommend a suitable course of treatment for your condition.
Book an appointment at
BIG Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Patna
What are the Causes of Orthopaedic Disorders?
The primary causes of orthopedic disorders depend on the type of the disease, age, lifestyle, occupation, and other factors such as:
- Genetic factors
- Obesity, which can put excess pressure on your joints
- Occupational hazards
- Sports activities
- Improper techniques used during exercise or lifting any object
- Injuries due to trauma or accidents
- Deficiency of calcium
- Incorrect lifting techniques
- Psychosocial factors
- Biomechanical factors
Visit an Orthopaedic hospital near you to discuss the causes with a doctor.
When Do You Need to See a Doctor?
Orthopedic injuries, dislocations, and other symptoms can lead to complications if not given timely treatment. Orthopaedic doctors recommend not to ignore any signs, which indicate an orthopedic disorder.
Seek immediate orthopedic care if you notice any of the following:
- Excessive pain and swelling
- Snapping or popping sound from a joint
- Bone poking out from the skin
- Inability to move a joint
According to the best ortho doctors in Patna, regular bone health check-ups are a must for people belonging to the older age groups and people involved in occupations that require intense physical exertion. It is beneficial in detecting orthopedic issues in the early stages.
Request an appointment at BIG Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Patna, Call 18605002244
How Are Orthopaedic Disorders Treated?
Today, the field of orthopedics offers a broad spectrum of lifesaving treatments and procedures for treating chronic musculoskeletal disorders and injuries.
Depending on the severity of your condition and other related factors, orthopaedic surgeons at the top orthopaedic hospitals in Patna employ the following treatment techniques:
- Pain medication
- Open surgeries
- Joint replacement procedures (knee or hip or shoulder)
- Minimally invasive surgeries (MIS)
- NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
- Bone grafting
- Joint fusion surgeries
- Trigger finger release
- Yoga and other forms of exercises
Some orthopedic subspecialties include: Hip and knee surgery Foot and ankle surgery Elbow and shoulder surgery Spine surgery Pediatric orthopedics Trauma surgery Orthopedic oncology Osseointegration clinic
The first step that doctors deploy is a detailed physical examination. Then, there are different forms of tests and scans like X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, etc.
A few practices that can strengthen your bones are: Including sufficient sources of calcium and vitamin D in your diet Exercising regularly Maintaining a healthy weight Wearing protective gear while exercising Limiting your caffeine and alcohol intake Avoiding smoking Following correct postures