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Neurology & Neurosurgery

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Neurology & Neurosurgery is a branch of medical science that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of problems concerning the nervous system. The main area of concern is body parts such as the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Neurological issues revolving around conditions such as diabetic neuropathy, Alzheimer’s disease, nerve damage, and headache also fall under this category.

Doctors who work in this field are known as neurologists and neurosurgeons. However, there is a difference between neurology and neurosurgery. Neurology, on the one hand, deals with the diagnosis of brain and nervous system ailments, as well as their treatments. On the other hand, neurosurgery deals with surgical interventions to treat the problems of the nervous system.

Who Qualifies for Neurology & Neurosurgery treatment?

One qualifies for Neurology & Neurosurgery treatment if they have problems in their nervous system. Some of these common ailments include:

  • Headaches
  • Muscle fatigue
  • Variations in emotions
  • Emotional confusion
  • Persistent dizziness
  • Problems with balance
  • Aneurysm
  • Endovascular problem

Why Is Neurology & Neurosurgery Treatment Conducted?

A neurologist is a medical doctor who treats the diseases of the nervous system. Neurology & Neurosurgery is for major nervous system aspects—the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). CNS is about the functioning of the spinal cord and brain while PNS deals with the functioning of the nerves outside of the CNS.

Many neurologists are skilled in specific neurological diseases rather than all of them. This is because of the intricate nature of these diseases. You can look for a neurologist near you to get treatment for a neuro-disease.

Request an appointment at RJN Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Gwalior

Call : 18605002244

What Are the Benefits of Neurology & Neurosurgery?

There are many benefits of Neurology & neurosurgery pertaining to the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.  Neurology & neurosurgery consultations help manage and treat the following conditions:

  • Stroke- It happens due to blood supply interruption to the brain.
  • Brain aneurysms- Weakness in the brain’s blood vessel.
  • Encephalitis- Brain’s inflammation condition.
  • Sleep disorders- There are various types of sleep disorders like insomnia, sleep apnea, narcolepsy etc.
  • Epilepsy- Disturbance of the brain’s nerve cell activity.
  • Parkinson’s disease- A nervous system disorder that affects coordination and movement.
  • Brain tumors- Tumor that may form in the brain.
  • Meningitis- Brain and spinal cord’s inflammation due to infection.
  • Peripheral neuropathy- A range of peripheral disorders.
  • Alzheimer’s disease- Progressive memory destroying disease.

What Are the Risks and Complications of Neurology & Neurosurgery?

A Neurology & Neurosurgery procedure is not risk-free. The different risks associated include:

  • Bleeding in the brain
  • Coma
  • Infection in the brain or skull
  • Seizures
  • Brain swelling
  • Formation of a brain blood clot
  • Stroke
  • Problems with vision, speech, balance, muscle weakness, memory, etc.

Is a neurosurgeon also a neurologist?

While both of them specialize in neurology, they are not the same. A neurologist has a specialization in evaluating, diagnosing and medical management of neurological disorders. On the other hand, a neurosurgeon has a specialization in performing necessary surgical procedures.

What does a neurologist do?

A neurologist is a medical doctor who has expertise in evaluating, diagnosing, and treating diseases concerning the nervous system. These diseases are related to the three main parts—brain, spinal cord, and nerves.

Can brain surgery change your personality?

Yes, people who undergo major surgery and treatment experience changes in their personality and thinking abilities. They may also face challenges when communicating, concentrating, and with their memory and emotional abilities. Moreover, signs of depression and agitation are common amongst patients post-surgery.

What Are Neurology & Neurosurgery procedures?

Some of the most common Neurology procedures are: Anterior Cervical Discectomy- A type of neck surgery in which the removal of the ruined disc takes place. Ventriculostomy- A neurosurgical procedure where a hole is created in the brain’s region known as cerebral ventricle. Laminectomy- In this surgery, space is created by removal of the back part of a vertebra known as lamina. Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt- A surgery for the treatment of the cerebrospinal fluid. Craniotomy- In this surgical procedure, removal of skull’s bone takes place to get access to the brain. Microdiscectomy- A procedure that is minimally invasive in which surgeons remove the herniated disc. Chiari Decompression Surgery- Removal of bone at the skull’s back to seek access to the brain. Lumbar Puncture- Insertion of a hollow needle into the lower spinal cord’s fluid. Epilepsy Surgery- Removal of a brain’s area responsible for seizures. Spinal Fusion- A procedure to cure vertebrae problems.

Name the various subspecialties of Neurology & Neurosurgery?

Some of the common Neurology & Neurosurgery subspecialties are: Pain medicine Pediatric or child neurology Neurodevelopmental disabilities Vascular neurology Neuromuscular medicine Headache medicine Epilepsy Neurocritical care Brain injury medicine Sleep medicine Hospice and palliative care neurology Autonomic disorders Neuropsychiatry

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