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Cardiology refers to studying, diagnosing, and treating heart disease or related conditions. Heart disorders also include diseases of other parts of the circulatory system. A doctor specializing in cardiology is referred to as a cardiologist. They deal with heart diseases such as congenital heart defects, coronary artery diseases, and heart failures.

The heart is one of the most essential organs of the human body. It is an organ that pumps blood throughout the body. Any heart disorder can become a big hurdle in an individual's everyday life. Therefore, an effective treatment is a must for a healthy lifestyle.

Symptoms of Cardiac Diseases

Some of the most common symptoms of the heart that cardiologists can treat:

1. Congenital Heart diseases: Heart diseases arising from congenital disabilities are congenital heart diseases. They may not be chronic or life-threatening. The symptoms may vary according to the patient’s condition. Further, there are no symptoms in some cases at an early stage. Some common symptoms of congenital heart diseases are as follows:

  • Abnormal heart rate
  • Pale skin
  • Shortness of breath
  • Regular fatigue

2. Heart Attack: A heart attack occurs when a blockage in the artery supplies blood to the heart. This blockage results from the accumulation of fat or cholesterol inside the arteries. The symptoms during a heart attack include:

  • Chest pain
  • Uneasiness
  • Tired
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in arms (mostly left arm)
  • Chest pain worsening with time

If you experience these symptoms, consult a cardiologist as early as possible.

Causes of Cardiac Diseases

The leading cause of cardiac arrest or heart attack is a poor diet with an excess of fat. The fat crystals get accumulated inside the arteries obstructing blood flow. This results in severe pain near the chest and left hand. If treatment is not given correctly, it can be life-threatening.

When to see a doctor?

If you have a medical history of heart issues and experience any of the above symptoms, you must consult the doctor immediately.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Sector 8, Gurugram

Call: 18605002244

Risk Factors for Cardiac Diseases

In case of a heart attack, treatment should start according to the severity of the emergency.

Possible Complications

These are the various complications associated with cardiac disorders:

  • Bleeding
  • Abnormal Heart Rhythm
  • Ischemic Heart Damage
  • Death
  • Blood Clots
  • Stroke
  • Blood Loss
  • Emergency Surgery
  • Cardiac Tamponade (Pericardial Tamponade)
  • Separation of the Breastbone During Healing

Prevention of Cardiac Diseases

This is what preventing Cardiac Diseases can do for you:

  • Lower risk of stroke
  • Fewer problems with memory loss
  • Fewer heart rhythm conditions
  • Less need for transfusion
  • Reduced injury to the heart
  • Shorter stay in hospital

Treatment of Cardiac Diseases

The person might not need any treatment and can enjoy a healthy lifestyle in some cases. However, in other chronic cases, oral medications and surgical procedures are advised in other chronic cases. Artery blockage can be eased through surgical procedures. A heart transplant may have to be made in extreme cases. The doctors might also decide to perform a bypass surgery depending upon the patient's condition and age.


Taking care of your heart is essential to having a healthy lifestyle. Remember to consult a cardiologist at the slightest discomfort near your heart.

What does a cardiologist do?

A cardiologist diagnoses and treats heart issues. They also provide treatment for diseases of arteries and other parts of the circulatory system.

What does a cardiothoracic surgeon do?

A cardiothoracic surgeon treats heart defects by surgical means. They treat the defects of heart valves, arteries, and veins.

What diseases does a cardiologist treat?

The diseases treated by a cardiologist are as follows: Heart attacks Coronary heart defects Congenital heart disorders Arteriosclerosis Heart valve diseases Heart failure

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