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Urology refers to a part of health care concerned with the diseases of the male and female urinary tract. The male organs that can reproduce, such as the penis and the scrotum, also come under this. It covers the ureters, urethra, urinary bladder, and kidneys in the case of women.

It is essential to maintain our urologic health as it determines our lifespan. A doctor with knowledge in internal medicine, gynecology, pediatrics, and others is known as a urologist. These doctors cover a range of problems, mainly concerned with our urinary system. You can contact a urologist near you if you are experiencing any urinary issues.

Overview of urology

Urology mainly focuses on the urinary system of both genders. The different parts of the urinary system, such as the urinary tract, urethra, kidneys, ureters, etc., are also studied in this field. The male reproductive organs also fall under the purview of urology.

There are various sub-specialties under this part of health care. They are pediatric urology that deals with children’s urology. Then we have urologic oncology dealing with urologic cancers. It also has renal transplants, male infertility, calculi, female urology, and neurology.

Who qualifies for urology?

Your home physician can treat mild urinary problems. However, if your symptoms do not improve or keep getting worse, you must visit a urologist near you.

Similarly, people with urological conditions of a severe level must visit a urologist.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Sector 8, Gurugram

Call: 18605002244

Why is urology conducted?

Urology focuses on the urinary system and also the reproductive system of males. Thus, it caters differently to men and women. In men, urologists treat:

  • Kidney stones
  • Cancers of the prostate gland, kidneys, bladder, penis, testicles, and adrenal
  • Prostatitis
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Prostate gland enlargement
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Kidney diseases
  • Infertility
  • Painful bladder syndrome
  • Varicocele

In women, urologists treat:

  • UTIs
  • Kidney stones
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Bladder prolapse
  • Cancers of adrenal glands, kidneys, and bladder
  • Overactive bladder

What are the Benefits of Urology?

The different benefits of urology concerning the urinary system are as follows:

  • Get a close-up look at your bladder and urethra with a cystoscope for detecting certain urinary diseases.
  • Cutting of sperm-carrying tubes by urologists for preventing pregnancy.
  • Get tested for cancer in a lab by taking a tiny tissue sample from your prostate.
  • Getting surgery to remove a kidney for treating cancer.

What are the Risks and Complications of Urology?

It is essential to assess the risks beforehand to make an informed decision, including:

  • Damage to the urinary tract
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Sexual Problems
  • Damage to the bladder

How many times a day does a healthy person urinate?

It is different for everyone. However, most healthy people use the bathroom at least 4-8 times per day. If you are experiencing frequent urination or have to wake up at night to go to the washroom, it may signal a health problem. Thus, make sure to visit a urologist near you to know the root cause of your problem.

What increases the risk of incontinence for men?

Most of the men’s bladder capacity decreases as they start to age. Thus, the risk of incontinence keeps increasing to an extent. However, incontinence in men also happens due to other health conditions or medical treatments such as obesity, injury to the bladder, etc. Your lifestyle or family history also plays a role in it. For instance, if you drink too much alcohol or smoke too much, you may increase the risk of incontinence.

What can I do to maintain good urologic health?

One of the best ways of maintaining good urologic health is maintaining your overall health habits. It includes doing exercises daily, maintaining a healthy weight, not consuming tobacco or too much alcohol and caffeine. Similarly, one must not consume foods or substances known to remove water from our bodies, popularly called diuretics.

It’s painful to urinate. What could be causing the problem?

Various conditions may cause painful urination. The most common cause is an infection of the urinary tract or the prostate. Further, obstructions in the urethra, kidney, bladder, or prostate may also cause difficulty.

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