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Bilio-Pancreatic Diversion

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Bilio-Pancreatic Diversion Surgery in C Scheme, Jaipur

Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) is a process of weight loss where the stomach is made smaller similar to gastric bypass surgery. Biliopancreatic diversion can be performed with or without a duodenal switch. In the biliopancreatic diversion (BPD), the absorption of the ingested food in the intestine is less compared to other surgery performed for weight loss.

What is Bilio-Pancreatic Diversion?

The normal process of digestion is changed in the biliopancreatic diversion by making the stomach smaller. In addition, food is not allowed to travel through part of the small intestine. This restriction of the food passing through the small intestine allows the patients to absorb fewer calories. The biliopancreatic diversion procedure includes the removal of a certain portion of the stomach. This removal is done to reduce the stomach size and create a smaller stomach pouch. Once the stomach size is reduced and formed to a smaller pouch the distal part of the small intestine is then connected to the stomach pouch which is formed.

Biliopancreatic diversion surgery is an outdated procedure and it’s less common compared to other types of bariatric surgery. This process can also develop a nutritional deficiency in the patients.

Modifications in the Biliopancreatic Diversion

Patients whose body mass index (BMI) is greater than 50 may need modifications. This modification is done by the surgeon where the size of the stomach is further reduced. In lesser obese patients whose body mass index (BMI) is 40-50, the common channel is lengthened. This lengthening of the common channel is done to reduce the risks due to mal-absorption.

Biliopancreatic Diversion procedure

The biliopancreatic diversion procedure at Apollo Spectra, Jaipur involves:

  • Before the surgery, you will be given general anaesthesia.
  • The formation of the stomach pouch is followed by the small intestines distal part connection.
  • Gastroenterostomy with the formation of a 250cm Roux limb.
  • The process can be performed by a duodenal switch also where the stomach is restricted along the greater curvature.

Why it’s done?

The biliopancreatic diversion is done at Apollo Spectra, Jaipur for the following health issues:

  • Overweight
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High cholesterol

Before undergoing the surgery you must be prepared, as you have to change your lifestyle and stay healthy and routine.

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What risks are involved?

The following are the complications and risks involved in Biliopancreatic diversion:

  • Calcium deficiency.
  • Blood loss.
  • Infections at the site of the surgery.
  • Bleeding from the operated area causing prolonged blood loss.
  • Heart attack.
  • Stroke.
  • Nutritional deficiency.
  • Poor appetite.
  • Bowel syndrome.
  • Infection at the port, which needs immediate surgery.
  • Stomach ulcers.
  • Hernia.

After the operation

After the surgery is done you can return home the same day or the next. You will be given liquid foods for the first 1-2 weeks. You can have normal foods after 4-5 weeks. Daily physical exercise must be done along with a proper diet. Avoid smoking and drinking as it will increase the recovery time. The success rate is about 70 percent in this procedure.

Conclusion

Biliopancreatic diversion is done to reduce weight and is performed on patients who have tried other traditional methods and have failed to reduce weight. The process can be done by the duodenal switch method also. The process involves the reduction of your stomach size.

What is pancreatic diversion?

Biliopancreatic diversion is a surgery that is done to treat obesity. It is done by reducing the stomach size. This restricts you from eating more as little food will make you feel full. This restriction of the food passing through the small intestine allows the patients to absorb fewer calories.

What are the complications in BPD?

The following are the complications and risks involved in Biliopancreatic diversion:

  • Calcium deficiency.
  • Blood loss.
  • Infections at the site of the surgery
  • Bleeding from the operated area causing prolonged blood loss.
  • Heart attack.
  • Stroke.

Symptoms

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