Bariatric surgery is a type of surgery that is being used to help with weight loss as well as the treatment of numerous obesity-related medical issues, such as diabetes, heart disease, and sleep apnea. A surgeon seems to rewire how your body responds to food in terms of hunger, satiety signals, and weight regulation by performing these surgeries.
To know more, you can consult a bariatric surgeon near you or visit a bariatric hospital near you.
What are the types of bariatrics surgery?
- Gastric bypass (Roux-en-Y): Gastric-bypass involves surgery in which the stomach is divided into two parts to create a small reservoir that will become the new stomach, which will hold 30 CCS or one ounce.
The other part of the stomach remains in place, but it no longer has any contact with food. A part of the small intestine is then connected to the new stomach, since food now takes a shortcut from the new stomach directly to the small intestine via the pylorus.
- Sleeve gastrectomy: A sleeve gastrectomy procedure removes around 80% of the stomach, leaving a long, tube-like pouch in its place. This little stomach can no longer hold as much food as it once could
Your body also starts producing less ghrelin, the appetite-regulating hormone, which may reduce your urge to eat. There are various advantages to this procedure, including significant weight loss and no intestinal rerouting required.
- Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS): BPS is a two-step surgery. The first stage of this surgery is similar to a sleeve gastrectomy. The second procedure involves connecting the intestine's end to the duodenum near the stomach, thereby bypassing the end of the intestine.
This surgery restricts the amount of food you may eat while also decreasing nutrient absorption. While it is an incredibly successful procedure, it does add new concerns, including malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies.
What are the symptoms that show you need bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery is performed to help you lose excess weight and lower the risk of developing additional life-threatening conditions that come with it, such as:
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Type 2 diabetes
What leads to bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery is performed only after you have tried and failed to lose weight by healthy eating and exercise habits.
It is done to assist you in shedding extra weight and minimizing your risk of potentially fatal, weight-related health issues such as:
- Heart disease and stroke
- High blood pressure
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
- Sleep apnea
- Type 2 diabetes
In general, bariatric surgery may be a possibility for you if you have:
- Body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater (extreme obesity)
- BMI of 35 to 39.9 (obesity) and have a major weight-related health issue
- BMI is 30 to 34 and you qualify for some forms of weight-loss surgery
When do you need to see a doctor?
These surgeries are primarily cosmetic in nature, and they help with any post-surgery body image concerns that may arise. Long-term follow-up strategies that include monitoring your nutrition, lifestyle and behaviour, and medical issues may be necessary.
However, it is critical to check with a doctor whether these treatments are safe for you.
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What are risks?
The risks of bariatric surgery are in general the risks of general surgery which are:
- Blood clots
- Leaks in the gastrointestinal system
- Breathing problems
Some long-term risks and complications depend on the type of bariatric surgery you go for. They include:
- Acid reflux
- Bowel obstruction
- Death in rare cases
Bariatric surgery is not an option for everyone who is severely obese. To be eligible for weight-loss surgery, you may need to fulfil specific medical criteria. You will most likely be subjected to a thorough screening procedure to determine your eligibility.
But, depending on the type of bariatric surgery you undergo, it can provide long-term weight loss results, like you may lose half (or even more) of your excess weight in about two years.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals
Call 18605002244 to book an appointment
In comparison to other surgical operations, bariatric surgery is not nearly as painful. Because of laparoscopic surgery and the small incisions, doctors will have you up moving right away after surgery and most patients don't even take narcotic pain medication.
The purpose of this surgery is to make you feel full faster. Some of the foods that you may have craved before, like fried foods or chocolate candy, may lose that appeal and you may start heading towards healthier foods.
Bariatric surgeries are for patients who want to invest in their future and their health. What you'll see is a more healthy You. You will be more mobile, you won't have to go to the doctor as much, you'll have far fewer medications to take, your diet will be more rewarding. So this represents a massive lifestyle change.