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Urology

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Urology

Urology encompasses the evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases, which can damage the genitourinary organs and reproductive tract in men. Organs that fall under this are kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urethra, urinary bladder, and the male reproductive organs include the testes, prostate, penis, seminal vesicles, epididymis, and vas deferens.

Urology specifically plays a significant role in men’s health. Therefore, the doctors who specialize in the field of medicine are called urologists.

What are The Symptoms of Urology Disorders?

You may experience the below-mentioned symptoms if a disease or infection is affecting any of your urological organs:

  • Urinary incontinence
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Fluctuating frequency of urination
  • Discomfort in the lower abdomen area
  • Pelvic pain
  • Lower back pain
  • Chronic urinary tract infections
  • Infertility 
  • Blood in urine
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pain in genitals 

Seek the consultation of a urology specialist near you if you display any such signs. 

Who Can Qualify for Urology Treatment?

Some conditions for which you should visit a urology hospital near you include: 

  • Kidney stones: Hard deposits of salts and minerals develop in your kidneys
  • Blood in urine: Can occur from infection, urological cancer, or stones.
  • Pain in the penis: Inability to retract the foreskin can result in pain during erection or urinating. Other causes can be a skin lesion that may mean penile cancer.
  • Testicular pain or swelling: Reasons include dilated veins, testicular cancer, disruption in the blood supply to the testicles.
  • Male infertility: Male infertility can be due to low sperm count, non-motile sperm, or absent sperm.
  • Pain in the flanks: Urinary infections, kidney stones, or obstruction in urine outflow from your kidneys can cause this pain.
  • Enlarged prostate: Enlargement of the prostate gland can weaken your urinary system.
  • Sexual dysfunction: Inability to achieve or sustain an erection, premature ejaculation, pain during sexual intercourse are a few problems, for which a consultation with a urology doctor near you can prove beneficial.
  • Urinary incontinence: Loss of bladder control 
  • Varicocele: Inflammation of the veins in the scrotum

When Should You See A Doctor?

You may consult your family doctor for minor urological issues. But, if your condition fails to improve, visiting a urology specialty hospital near you is highly advisable. 
Here are a few indications that it is time to visit a urologist:

  • Frequent or an excessive urge to urinate 
  • Dribbling or weak urine flow 
  • Persistent bleeding in your urine 
  • Pain or a burning sensation while urinating
  • Problem obtaining or maintaining an erection
  • Decreased sexual urge
  • Severe constipation
  • A lump or mass in the testicle

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals 

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment

How are Urological Conditions Diagnosed? 

After understanding your symptoms, a urology specialist may run a few diagnostic tests such as:

  • Blood tests
  • Urine specimen collection
  • Imaging tests:
  • Antegrade pyelogram
  • CT (computed tomography) scan
  • Intravenous pyelogram
  • Cystography
  • Ultrasound of the kidney
  • Renal angiogram
  • Prostate/rectal sonogram
  • Cystometry
  • Urine flow tests

Schedule an appointment at the best urology hospital near you.

Which Surgical Procedures Come Under Urology?

Urology surgeons can proficiently perform different types of surgeries like: 

  • Cystectomy for removing the bladder to treat cancer
  • Biopsies of the kidneys, prostate, or bladder
  • Prostatectomy to treat prostate cancer by removing all or a portion of the prostate gland
  • Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy to break kidney stones and remove them. 
  • Kidney transplant to remove a damaged kidney and replace it with a healthy one
  • Surgery to repair deformed urinary organs 
  • A sling procedure to treat urinary incontinence
  • Ureteroscopy helps to remove stones in the kidneys and ureter 
  • Vasectomy, surgery for male sterilization 
  • Reverse vasectomy to restore fertility in men
  • Transurethral resection of the prostate for removing the excess tissue from an enlarged prostate

Today, with robotic-assisted treatment techniques, you are assured of urological treatment that offers improved precision, smaller incisions, faster healing, and a shorter hospital stay. 

Conclusion

Urologists decide the treatment plan based on your urological disorder and its severity. But a timely diagnosis plays a significant role in this and makes regular screenings vital. Visit a urology specialist if you notice any unusual symptoms and to know the appropriate treatment.

References

How important is regular prostate cancer screening?

Urology experts recommend that you start yearly screenings from the age of 40. It includes a digital rectal examination and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood screening.

What can I do to maintain my urological health?

To promote good urological health, you can:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Strengthen your pelvic muscles with Kegel exercises.
  • Limit your caffeine and salt intake.
  • Quit smoking.

What are the latest procedures for kidney stones?

To treat kidney stones, today, urologists deploy methods like:

  • High-powered laser technology
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
  • Disposable single-use scopes (ureteroscopes)

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