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Gynaecological Cancer

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Gynaecological Cancer Treatment in C Scheme, Jaipur

It is the collective term used for cancers that can occur in a woman’s reproductive organs. This includes cancer diagnosed in the uterus, ovaries, vagina, vulva, fallopian tubes, or cervix. Women should be aware of gynaecological cancer, its treatments, and its symptoms.

What is gynaecological cancer?

Gynaecological cancer is the term used for any cancer that occurs in the reproductive organs of women. Awareness about these cancers is low so women need to be aware of their bodies and the changes it is going through constantly. Gynaecological cancer includes:

  • Cervical Cancer- It is cancer in the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is usually caused due to a common sexually transmitted disease called human papillomavirus (HPV). Since most cases of cervical cancer are caused due to HPV, it can be prevented if you are vaccinated against HPV.
  • Uterine cancer- Also known as endometrial or womb cancer, it is the most common type of gynaecological cancer. The uterus is the organ where the baby grows when a woman is pregnant. Cancer occurs in the endometrial lining of the uterus or the womb.
  • Ovarian Cancer- Ovaries are the small organs present on each side of the uterus. They are responsible for the production of eggs and hormones. Ovarian cancer is cancer that may occur in one or both ovaries.
  • Vulvar Cancer- It occurs on the external part of the woman’s genitals. The vulva is the soft tissue or lips surrounding the clitoris till the perineum that can be seen on the outside. This cancer is more common among women above the age of 60.
  • Vaginal Cancer- One of the rarest forms of gynaecological cancer, it occurs in the tissue of the vagina.

What are the symptoms of gynaecological cancer?

Each type of gynaecological cancer is unique and thus have different symptoms:

  1. Cervical Cancer
    • Unusual bleeding- bleeding between period cycles, bleeding after sex, bleeding after menopause, heavier periods.
    • Unbearable pain during sex
    • Unusual vaginal discharge
  2. Uterine Cancer
    • Discharge that is smelly and has the signs of blood in it
    • Bleeding between periods or after menopause
    • Discomfort during sex
    • Pain while peeing
    • Pain in the abdomen
  3. Ovarian Cancer
    • Bloating and increase in abdominal size
    • Loss of appetite
    • Change in bowel habits
    • Need to pee more frequently
  4. Vulval cancer
    • Itching and pain in the vulva
    • Swelling or lump growth
    • Discoloured and patchy skin
    • Mole on the vulva that changes colour or shape
  5. Veginal Cancer
    • Bloody vaginal discharge that is not due to periods
    • Bleeding after sex
    • Lump in the vagina
    • Vaginal pain and itch
    • Pain in the pelvic region
    • Pain while urinating, blood in the pee, and the need to pee frequently

When should you see a doctor?

Not all symptoms of pain or discomfort or unusual bleeding may be cancer but it is important that you are aware of the changes in your body and have it checked regularly. Regular check-ups with the gynaecologist are recommended. If any of the above-mentioned symptoms are persistent please consult with the best specialist in Jaipur immediately.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Jaipur

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How can gynaecological cancer be prevented?

HPV vaccination is recommended as most of the gynaecological cancers are caused due to this sexually transmitted infection. This may reduce your risk of having gynaecological cancer. Smoking and obesity increase your risk of having ovarian cancer or other gynaecological cancers. It is recommended that you maintain a healthy lifestyle to reduce your risk. Contraceptive pills may also reduce your risk of ovarian cancer. Regular check-ups and screenings with the gynaecologists to help identify unusual lumps, any STD that may lead to severe infections or cancer is very important.


Gynaecological cancer is cancer that may develop in the reproductive organs of women. Gynaecological cancers can affect women of any age but the risk increases with age. Women should be aware of the changes in their bodies. If identified at an early stage, gynaecological cancers are treatable. Each gynaecological cancer has a different treatment depending on the case and severity too.

What are the types of treatments for gynaecological cancer?

The types of treatments that may be recommended depending on the type of gynaecological cancer you have are surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation.

Are all women at risk of gynaecological cancer?

Yes, all women are at risk of having gynaecological cancer. It is important that you are aware of your body and its changes and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Is family history important in identifying gynaecological cancer?

Family history of cancer in women and DNA are important in identifying the risk of you having cancer. It increases your chance of having cancer if there has been a family history of it.


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