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Thyroid Surgery

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Thyroid Surgery in C-scheme, Jaipur

The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormone to enhance your metabolism. Sometimes, nodules or goitre can make the situation worse. In such cases, it is advised to get rid of the thyroid gland by thyroid surgery. It minimizes the risk of cancer and further complications.

What is Thyroid Surgery?

Thyroid surgery or thyroidectomy is the complete or partial removal of the thyroid gland. This surgical procedure is the treatment for any thyroid disease. Also, the main course of treatment for thyroid cancer is thyroid surgery. The thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck. It is responsible for secreting thyroid hormones for regulating metabolism and body temperature.

What are the Reasons for Thyroidectomy?

The thyroid gland works for the better functioning of your body. However, there are some cases when it affects you in harmful ways. In such cases, doctors recommend surgery to remove the thyroid gland.

There are various reasons for thyroid surgery:

  • Nodules / Tumors: Most of the nodules in your thyroid gland can be harmless but it is not worth taking the risk. Therefore, it is advised to remove them by medication or surgery. In some cases, these nodules can be cancerous.
  • Hyperthyroidism: In this condition, the thyroid gland starts secreting an excess amount of thyroid hormone.
  • Hypothyroidism: The thyroid gland starts producing less thyroid hormone.
  • Goiter: This condition is responsible for the swelling or enlargement of your thyroid gland.

How to Prepare for Thyroid Surgery?

Just like any other surgical procedure, there are many protocols you need to follow before the surgery:

  • Lab and imaging tests
  • Get your current medications examined (if any)
  • Do not eat anything 8 to 10 hours before surgery.
  • Ask for any food items that you should not consume.

These little preparations increase the success rate and ease of the surgical procedure.

How is Thyroid Surgery Performed?

Thyroid surgery is a time-consuming procedure. Since it requires precision to remove a small thyroid surrounded by nerves and glands, it takes more than 2 hours.

Steps for thyroid surgery are:

  • A quick examination is performed to ensure that you are ready for the surgery.
  • When you are ready for the surgery, your anesthesiologist will give you anaesthesia via IV.
  • Once you are in deep sleep, your surgeon will carefully make an incision over your thyroid gland.
  • He will remove the parts responsible for the condition or the whole thyroid gland, depending on your condition.
  • After the surgery, you will remain under observation for a while.

Now that your thyroid gland is removed, you need to rely on medication for thyroid hormone. Thyroid surgery is not life-threatening. It is a complex procedure but if you are in the hands of a professional, everything will go well.

What are the side effects of Thyroid Surgery?

Surgical procedures require extreme precision. Even if the chances are minimal, there are some risks involved:

  • Loss of Blood
  • Damage to the parathyroid gland
  • Injury to recurrent laryngeal nerves that control the voice box
  • Infection

You should visit your doctor If you face any side effects like:

  • Swelling or redness on incisions
  • Bleeding on incisions
  • High fever
  • Tingling or numbness

An experienced surgeon from Apollo Spectra, Jaipur, one of the top hospitals in the country, is the best way to prevent any aftereffects.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Jaipur

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.


Thyroid gland removal doesn't have any adverse effects on your body. Some medications can make up for the loss of the thyroid gland in our body. This little surgical procedure can save you from bigger consequences like cancer, etc.

What should I avoid after Thyroid surgery?

You should not do any activity that creates pressure on your neck like stretching. Physical activities that require strength should be avoided until your doctor allows you to do so.

Can I live normally without the Thyroid gland?

Yes, you can live a healthy and active life even without the thyroid gland. In some cases, you might need hormone replacement but it doesn't affect your lifestyle.

What are the foods that I should avoid without any thyroid gland?

You should avoid:

  • Soy food
  • Some green vegetables like cabbage, spinach, etc.
  • Vegetables that have a high amount of starch like sweet potatoes, etc.
  • Nuts and seeds like peanuts.


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