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Gynaecology is a branch of medical science that specializes in treating diseases related to the female reproductive system. It comprises surgical and nonsurgical treatments.

Some gynaecological problems such as fibroids or cancer might require surgical treatment. Doctors who specialize in this branch are called gynaecologists. The female reproductive system is vast and complicated.

To know more, you can consult a gynaecology doctor near you. Or visit a gynaecology hospital in Jaipur.

What are the different types of gynaecological problems?

  • Dysmenorrhea: This is a condition in which women face extreme pain during their menstrual cycles. Powerful uterine contractions during periods cause the oxygen level in the uterus to decline steeply. This results in severe discomfort that can interfere with day-to-day life.
  • Ovarian Cysts: An ovarian cyst is the presence of a fluid-filled sac on the ovarian wall. Some women can have one or multiple cysts around their ovaries. This condition can go undetected for a long period of time, and women can live a healthy life without ever facing a problem.
  • Endometriosis: In this condition, the inner lining of the uterine wall starts growing outside the uterus. It can start growing on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, rectum, bladder or bowel. Endometriosis can be painful and can result in abdominal cramps, bleeding between sex or digestive problems.
  • Polycystic Ovarian Disease: In this disorder, the ovaries start producing cysts instead of healthy follicles. This results in a decline in the number of eggs present and can lead to fertility issues. It can also cause excessive hair growth, imbalance of hormones, stress, anxiety, delay in menstruation, mood disorders or depression.

What are the symptoms for gynaecological disorders?

  • Vaginal bleeding: Bleeding between your menstrual cycle can be a sign of infection or the result of birth control pills. Experiencing excessive or unusual vaginal bleeding can indicate a more serious underlying problem like endometriosis or ovarian cysts.
  • Vaginal discharge: Sticky and white discharge between your periods is normal. However, if you experience a change in the color, smell, or consistency of your vaginal discharge, that can indicate a gynaecological problem. Infections like chlamydia, gonorrhoea or other bacterial infections are the most common causes of abnormal vaginal discharge. 
  • Vaginal itching: It is very common to experience vaginal itching in a woman's lifetime. Yeast infections can cause itching and soreness in your vagina. Experiencing lumps, redness, swelling or eruptions is a red flag and indicates an underlying ailment.

What are the causes of gynaecological problems?

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Bacterial infections
  • Yeast infections
  • Presence of fluid-filled cysts
  • Pelvic pain 
  • Tumor

When do you need to see a doctor?

Consult a gynaecology doctor near you if you experience any symptoms mentioned above. Gynaecological disorders can progress with time and result in more serious issues if not treated correctly. Your doctor will examine you and conduct some diagnostic tests to confirm your condition. This will enable them to decide on the best course of treatment for you.

To consult a gynaecology surgeon in Jaipur:

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan.

Call 18605002244 to book an appointment.

How are gynaecological ailments treated?

The treatment of a gynaecological problem depends on that particular disorder. It also varies according to the severity, age and general health condition of the woman. Doctors can treat diseases like infections with antibiotics and other medications.

Cancerous tumours or non-cancerous fibroids might require a hysterectomy (a surgical procedure to remove the womb). Irregular menstrual cycles or heavy bleeding can be treated with hormonal pills or birth control pills. 

PCOD requires constant monitoring and lifestyle changes combined with medications. Your doctor will determine the course of treatment that is most suitable for your condition.


Gynaecology is a specialized medical field that treats diseases related to a woman’s reproductive system. An early diagnosis can treat your ailment and prevent it from becoming more serious. Your doctor will determine the course of treatment that is most suitable for your condition.

Should every woman visit a gynaecologist?

After hitting puberty, all women should visit a gynaecologist for a yearly checkup.

Should I visit a doctor if I haven't gotten my periods?

Yes. Missing your periods can be an indication of PCOD, endometriosis or pregnancy.

Should I visit a doctor after menopause?

Postmenopausal women experience a range of symptoms such as hot flashes, decline in bone density, weight gain, etc. Visit a gynaecology doctor near you to understand your symptoms better.

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