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Abnormal Menstruations

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Best Abnormal Menstruations Treatment & Diagnostics in Nehru Enclave, Delhi

Menstruation is a natural process which lasts for 4-7 days. Either of the ovaries in a female body releases one egg each month. When fertilisation does not occur, the eggs break down along with the endometrial wall. The broken egg and the withered wall along with blood and mucus are passed out of the body through the vagina every month for at least 5 days. This is a natural phenomenon but any irregularity or abnormality in the normal cycle of the body is considered a menstrual abnormality. Consult a gynecology doctor near you.

What are the types of abnormality in menstruation?

  • Amenorrhea or no periods
  • Oligomenorrhea or irregular periods
  • Dysmenorrhea or painful periods
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding

What are the symptoms of abnormal menstruation?

  • Heavy flow
  • No flow or less flow
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • fatigue
  • pale skin
  • shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Passage of blood clots

What are the causes of abnormal menstruation?

  • Side effects of medication - Some medicines like anti-inflammatory drugs, anticoagulants and hormone medications can lead to abnormal menstruation.
  • Birth control medicines and devices - Birth control pills and intrauterine devices also cause hormonal imbalance and heavy bleeding respectively.
  • Hormone imbalance - Increased production of estrogen and progesterone causes abnormal period flow during menstruation. This causes pain and other abnormalities in secondary sexual characteristics. These are most common in young teenagers and in pre-menopausal women.
  • Pelvic inflammatory diseases - PID and similar disorders cause irregular menstruation and disrupt the cycle.
  • Endometriosis - In this condition, the endometrial tissue starts growing at different parts of the body. This causes heavy blood flow and pain in the lower abdomen during periods.
  • Cancerous growth - In this condition, there is an abnormal growth in your reproductive system. This cancerous growth of tissues and muscles is mostly benign but sometimes they are malignant and capable of causing further problems. If the growth is made of endometrial tissues, they are called polyps, but when these are made up of muscle tissues, they are called fibroids. 
  • Restricted or no ovulation - This condition is called anovulation - ovaries do not release eggs or release fewer eggs and hence, the menstrual cycle is disturbed.

When do you need to see a doctor?

  • If your periods take place in less than 21 days or more than 35 days apart
  • If you miss three or more periods in a row
  • If your menstrual flow is heavier or lighter than usual
  • If you have period pain, cramping, nausea or vomiting
  • Bleeding or spotting happens between periods, after menopause or after sex
  • If you notice abnormal or foul-smelling vaginal discharge
  • If you observe symptoms of toxic shock syndrome, such as a fever over 102 degrees, vomiting, diarrhoea, fainting or dizziness
  • If you can see nipple discharge
  • Unexplainable weight loss or gain

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How are abnormal menstruations treated?

  • Medication
    • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen are used to prevent mild blood loss.
    • Iron supplements are used to treat anemia due to heavy blood loss.
    • Hormone replacement injections are used to treat hormonal imbalance.
    • Oral contraceptives are used to regulate and shorten your menstrual cycle.
  • Surgical procedure
    • Dilation and curettage is a procedure during which your doctor will dilate your cervix and scrape out the tissue from your uterine lining.
    • Surgical removal of abnormal growth of cells is the most common treatment for cancerous tumors.
    • Endometrial ablation is a procedure during which your doctor will destroy your uterine lining which will result in less blood flow or sometimes no blood flow at all.
    • Endometrial resection is the process of removing the uterine lining.
    • Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus and the cervix.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Conclusion

Abnormal menstruation involves heavy blood flow during periods, infrequent periods, longer duration of the menstrual cycle than usual, painful periods and sometimes no bleeding at all. Heavy flow and cramping are major symptoms of this disorder. Complications include acne, weight loss or gain, pain, fever, etc. It can be treated with medications and surgical procedures.

References

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14633-abnormal-menstruation-periods

https://www.healthline.com/health/menstrual-periods-heavy-prolonged-or-irregular#complications

I am 25 years old and my period blood is very dark. What should I do?

In that case, you must immediately visit a gynecologist near you. Discoloration of period blood is a sign of an unhealthy reproductive system. To know more about the disorder, visit your nearest gynaecologist and get yourself tested.

I am not even 50, but my periods have stopped, should I be worried?

Early menopause is not uncommon, but if you are too young and you are finding difficulty in your daily life, you should contact your nearest gynaecology hospital for medical advice.

Is abnormal menstruation treatable?

Yes, it can be permanently treated either with medicines or surgical treatments.

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