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Breast Cancer

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Breast Cancer Treatment & Diagnostics in Nehru Enclave, Delhi

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer occurs when the cells in the breasts undergo a process called mutation (uncontrolled growth and multiplication of cells). This mutation results in a mass of tissue called a tumor. The lobules (milk-producing glands) or ducts (a pathway for transporting milk from the glands to the nipples) are commonly affected. The risk of breast cancer increases with age and weight gain. Symptoms of breast cancer vary from a lump in the breast to observing or feeling any changes in your breast. Self-breast examinations and other diagnostic tests can help in the early detection and treatment of breast cancer. If detected early, treatment can prevent the spread of breast cancer.

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

Breast cancer symptoms may depend on individual cases. Some common symptoms are as follows:

  • A lump or thickening of the breast tissue
  • Alteration in the appearance, size or shape of the breast
  • Skin changes like dimpling, peeling, scaling, flaking or crusting of the nipple or the areola (the black area surrounding the nipple)
  • Orange peel-like appearance of your skin
  • Inverted nipple not previously experienced
  • Discharge (like blood or pus) from the nipple
  • Pain in your breast

What are the causes of breast cancer?

The exact cause of breast cancer is unknown. However, certain risk factors can increase your chances:

  • Advancing age
  • Obesity
  • Previous history of breast cancer or other breast conditions
  • Family history of breast cancer
  • Certain genes which are inherited like BRCA1 or BRCA2 which increase cancer risk
  • Increased exposure to radiation
  • Starting your periods at a young age or reaching menopause at an older age
  • Conceiving your first child at an older age
  • Never having been pregnant
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Hormone replacement therapy for postmenopausal women

When should you consult a doctor?

In case you find any abnormality in your breast appearance or a lump in your breast, you should seek medical assistance to evaluate your condition. Prompt treatment can reduce the spread of cancer and increase survival chances.

If you require any further clarifications, do not hesitate to search for breast surgery near me, breast surgery hospital near me or

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

How is breast cancer diagnosed?

  • The following diagnostic tests can be done.
  • Breast examination to identify any lumps or changes in your breast
  • Mammogram or digital mammography provides an image of the breast and the lump
  • Ultrasound uses sound waves to identify the size and type of your breast lump
  • A breast biopsy may be done in which your doctor may remove a small sample of your breast tissue and send it to a laboratory for further analysis

What is the treatment for breast cancer?

Breast cancer treatment depends on the stage (extent of invasion) and grade (extent of growth and spread) of your tumor. Common treatments done are as follows:

  • Medications that attack the cancer cell mutation
  • Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy the cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy uses radiation to destroy the cancer cells
  • Hormone therapy blocks your production of hormones which then causes slowing of growth and death of the cancer cells
  • Surgery like removal of the lump, lymph node or the entire breast may be advised

If you have any doubts do not hesitate to search for breast surgery doctors near me, breast surgery hospital in Delhi or

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Conclusion

Breast cancer develops when the breast cells mutate. Early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer is essential in preventing its spread. Certain lifestyle preventive measures can be adopted to reduce your risk of breast cancer.

Reference Links

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352470

https://www.healthline.com/health/breast-cancer#survival-rate

https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/basic_info/what-is-breast-cancer.htm

Do men also get breast cancer?

Though it is rare, men can also get affected by breast cancer.

What is the survival rate for breast cancer?

The 5-year relative survival rate for breast cancer is 90%, 10-year breast cancer relative survival rate is 84%, and 15-year breast cancer relative survival rate is 80%.

How can you prevent breast cancer?

Screening measures like performing a self-breast examination and undergoing mammograms every two years after the age of 40, lifestyle changes like eating healthy, exercising to maintain healthy body weight and reducing alcohol intake and preventive chemotherapy or preventive surgery can help you prevent breast cancer.

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