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Endometriosis

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Endometriosis Treatment in Nehru Enclave, Delhi

Endometriosis is a condition in women, wherein the endometrium layer overgrows in the uterus. It is not common for the lining to grow outside the uterus but it happens in some cases. Endometriosis specialists in Delhi have performed successful surgeries for treating endometriosis.

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a disease of the uterus. The tissue that lines the uterus (endometrium layer) grows outside the uterus. It is more common in the pelvis and the lower abdomen but it can also be seen in other parts of the body. Studies suggest that approximately 10% of women of reproductive age have suffered or are suffering from endometriosis out of which only 12% to 20% of women require an operation. It is much more commonly seen in older women than in young girls.

To know more, consult a gynecology doctor near you or a gynecology hospital near you.

What are the types of endometriosis?

Endometriosis is of three main types:

  • Deeply infiltrating endometriosis - This type of endometriosis affects the organs near your uterus. The endometrium layer grows under your peritoneum and can affect the bowel along with the bladder.
  • Superficial perineal lesion - the lesion grows on the peritoneum like a thin film along the pelvic cavity.
  • Endometrioma - it is also known as over lesions. In this condition, dark colored cysts develop in the ovaries. These cysts are also known as chocolate cysts.

What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

If you are suffering from endometriosis, then you might have one or more of these symptoms:

  • Pain during intercourse
  • Heavy bleeding during menstruation
  • Diarrhea
  • Inability to conceive
  • Constipation
  • Pain while clearing your bowel
  • Blood in stool and urine
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Back pain and pain in the pelvic area and lower abdomen before and during periods

The symptoms vary from person to person. You might show all of these symptoms or just a few of them, but it is important to keep track if you notice something unusual.

What causes endometriosis?

Some of the common causes are:

  • Conversion of abdominal tissue into endometrial tissue. The abdominal cells grow from the embryonic cells.
  • In retrograde menstruation, in this condition, the menstrual blood flows back into the Fallopian tube.
  • Change in hormones
  • After a C-section, there are chances of the menstrual blood leaking into the pelvic region.
  • Immune symptom disorders
  • Genetic disorders

When should I visit a doctor?

You must seek medical advice for severe cases of endometriosis. If you feel any discomfort during periods or experience excessive pain, then you must take an expert’s advice.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the complications?

Some of the common complications are:

  • Difficulty in conceiving
  • Anxiety, depression and stress
  • Increased risk of ovarian cancer or other cancers

How is endometriosis treated?

  • Medicine - your doctor may suggest pain-relieving medicines. These include anti-inflammatory drugs that are non-steroids.
  • Hormonal therapy - the therapy reduces the level of estrogen in the body. 
  • Surgery - it is performed for severe cases. A surgeon scrapes the infected tissues. The surgery type varies from laparoscopy to traditional surgery.

Conclusion

Women who have family histories of the disorder are more susceptible to it. Other risk factors include age. Over the years, many successful procedures have been developed to cure endometriosis. You must consult the best gynecology doctor near you for an effective treatment.

How does a doctor diagnose endometriosis?

Endometriosis can easily be diagnosed. Other than the symptoms, it can be detected by a few tests such as:

  • Pelvic examination
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • Ultrasound
  • Laparoscopy
  • Biopsy

Can endometriosis affect my fertility?

There are chances of infertility due to endometriosis. If you are having a problem conceiving, then you must visit a fertility specialist. The treatment depends on the patient's condition, like increasing the number of eggs or IVF. In endometriosis, the tissue blocks the entry of sperm or wraps the ovaries and hence, fertility treatment becomes necessary.

How should I prepare myself before visiting the doctor?

You must visit the doctor well-prepared.

  • Carry your prescription and reports
  • Discuss with the doctor any previous complications
  • Be clear with the symptoms
  • Take a family member along with you

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