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Fibroids Treatment

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Fibroids Treatment & Diagnosis in Nehru Enclave, Delhi

Fibroids refer to the abnormal growth of tissues on the uterine wall of the female reproductive system. The growth of tissues in the case of endometrium is referred to as polyps while in the case of muscle tissues, it is called fibroids. To know more about fibroids, you should search for a gynecology hospital near you.

What are the types of fibroids?

  • Intramural fibroids
  • Submucosal fibroids
  • Subserosal fibroids
  • Pedunculated fibroids

What are the symptoms of fibroids?

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding during periods
  • Blood clot formation
  • Excess menstrual cramps
  • Pain in the pelvic and lower back
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Menstrual periods lasting more than a week
  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder
  • Constipation
  • Backache or leg pain
  • Swelling of the abdomen
  • Bloating or pressure in  the abdomen

What are the causes of fibroids?

  • Genetic changes - Changes in the genes cause a sudden upsurge in fibroids in the uterus.
  • Hormone - The production of estrogen and progesterone is the cause of the development of the uterine lining every month during the menstrual cycle. Excess production of the same hormones also leads to the development of fibroids in the uterus causing severe symptoms in the female reproductive system.
  • Pregnancy - During pregnancy, the production of estrogen and progesterone increases, which in turn leads to the development of fibroids.
  • Family history - If your family has a history of fibroids, you may also develop the same problem. 
  • Extracellular matrix - The increased production of the extracellular matrix also leads to fibroids in the body. 
  • Other growth factors - Changes in the production of growth factors lead to the development of fibroids. 

When do you need to see a doctor?

  • Recurring pelvic pain
  • Heavy, prolonged or painful periods
  • Spotting or bleeding between periods
  • Difficulty emptying your bladder
  • Anaemia

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the risk factors for fibroids?

  • Obesity
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Having a diet rich in red meat and low in green vegetables, fruits and dairy
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Pregnancy
  • A family history of fibroids
  • Age of 30 or above

What are the possible complications?

  • Anemia
  • Fatigue
  • Placental abruption
  • Fetal growth restriction
  • Preterm delivery
  • Pregnancy loss and sometimes infertility

How are fibroids treated?

  • Acupuncture
  • Yoga
  • Massage
  • Applying heat for cramps
  • Medications such as
    • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists work by blocking the production of estrogen and progesterone 
    • Progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD) works by relieving heavy bleeding caused by fibroids
    • Tranexamic acid is taken to relieve the pain from heavy blood flow and regulates excess blood discharge
    • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) relieve pain caused by the development of fibroids
  • Open Surgery
    • Myomectomy is the surgical removal of very large or multiple growths of fibroids in the uterus. The removal of the tissues will also stop the symptoms caused by fibroids.
    • Non-invasive or minimally invasive surgery
    • Myolysis, endometrial ablation and uterine artery embolization are a few minimally invasive surgeries for the removal of fibroids.

Conclusion

Uterine fibroids are also known as leiomyomas or myomas and they do not develop into malignant cancers with time. The size of the fibroids differs from the tiniest mass to a large accumulation that extends towards the spine. The weight of the fibroids causes pain and reaches the rib cage causing several other issues. Symptoms are not very significant when they are small.  Uterine fibroids are typically non-cancerous and are seen in women between the age of 12 and 50.

References

Are fibroids treatable?

Yes, fibroids are treatable. They can be easily treated by medicines or surgery. To know more about fibroids and their treatment, you can search for fibroid hospitals near you.

How do I prevent fibroids?

It is not possible to prevent fibroids but there are ways in which you can avoid them like making changes in your lifestyle - leading an active life and doing exercise and taking a healthy diet.

I am having fibroids but I am scared of surgery. Is it okay to not get treated for fibroids?

Fibroids usually don’t cause any inconvenience and they are only detected when they are causing major symptoms. So, if you have disturbing symptoms, get yourself treated. You don’t need to be undergoing surgery, it can be treated by medications too.

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