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Gynecomastia

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Gynecomastia Treatment in Nehru Enclave, Delhi

Gynecomastia refers to breast enlargement or increase in the breast tissue of men. This condition can happen during early childhood, while puberty hits, or during old age (60 or above). This is mainly caused by the imbalance of hormones like testosterone and estrogen in the body. It can also be due to medicinal side effects. It can happen in one of the breasts or both. There is a subtype of gynecomastia called pseudo gynecomastia which is caused due to obesity or an increase in the fat tissue rather than the gland tissue.

Gynecomastia usually doesn’t require any treatment. The surgery for gynecomastia is a cosmetic surgery that helps in building self-esteem by improving body shape and structure in men. The condition can also be treated using medication or stopping certain medications that might be causing it. For further information, you should contact gynecomastia specialists near you.

What are the symptoms?

The major symptoms of gynecomastia include:

  • Breast discharge
  • Swollen breasts
  • Breast tenderness
  • Lump of fatty tissue under the breast

Depending on the reason behind gynecomastia, there might be other symptoms as well. 

What are the causes?

Several things can lead to gynecomastia. Some of these include:

  1. Normal Hormonal Changes
    The major cause of gynecomastia in men is hormonal change. A decrease in the production of testosterone and an increase in the production of estrogen in the body can result in this condition. These hormonal fluctuations usually occur during specific periods in a man’s body like childhood, puberty and then old age.
    • Gynecomastia in infants: Most infants develop gynecomastia when they are born due to the effects of the estrogen in the womb. They might continue to have it when they are breastfeeding as breast milk contains estrogen. 
    • Gynecomastia during puberty: During puberty, a boy’s body usually produces androgens or male hormones. But they also produce estrogen. In certain cases, the level of the production of estrogen can be more than the level of testosterone which can result in gynecomastia. This is a temporary condition that will go away in a few weeks.
    • Gynecomastia during old age: In their old age, men go through andropause, which results in the decline of the production of testosterone. This can result in hormonal imbalance causing gynecomastia.
  2.  Drugs Several drugs can cause hormonal imbalance and excessive production of estrogen leads to gynecomastia. The drugs that are responsible for these are usually steroids and amphetamines.
  3. Medical Conditions
    Some medical conditions like hyperthyroidism, testicular tumors, chronic renal failure and liver failure can cause gynecomastia.

When do you need to call a doctor?

If you are experiencing swelling, pain or tenderness, or nipple discharge from one or both breasts, you should contact gynecomastia doctors near you for a screening. 

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the treatment options?

In most cases, gynecomastia requires no particular treatment and goes away on its own. If the reason for the gynecomastia is an underlying disease, then that disease must be treated. In other cases, if gynecomastia takes time to go away, and the person is facing self-confidence issues, you can take medication or get surgery done.

  • Surgery: During the surgery, the excess breast fat and the excess glandular tissue are removed. If there is swollen tissue, then you might be recommended a mastectomy.
  • Medication: Several medications can help in fixing the hormonal level of a person and hence, treat gynecomastia.
  • Counselling: You might be recommended counselling, in case the condition is taking a toll on your mental well-being or making you feel embarrassed. You might be experiencing low self-esteem or self-confidence. Counselling can help you feel better about yourself and also introduce you to other men with the same condition. This will help you feel less isolated.

You can search for gynecomastia hospitals near you for more information about the treatment

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Conclusion

Gynecomastia is a condition that can happen to anyone. It is not something to feel embarrassed about. In most cases, gynecomastia is easily treatable and doesn’t require surgery. If you find yourself experiencing the symptoms, you must not be worried and contact gynecomastia doctors near you.

References

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gynecomastia/symptoms-causes/syc-20351793

https://www.healthline.com/symptom/breast-enlargement-in-men#How-Is-Breast-Enlargement-in-Men-Treated?

https://www.webmd.com/men/what-is-gynecomastia
 

How common is gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is extremely common in men above the age of 60. One out of every 4 men suffers from this condition when they are older.

Is gynecomastia a serious problem?

Generally, it is not a serious problem. But boys or men who suffer from the condition can experience pain in their breasts and feel embarrassed about it. This makes it difficult to cope with.

Is gynecomastia permanent?

No, in most cases gynecomastia is a temporary condition that goes away with time.

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