Did you know that hernias are one of those ailments that a lot of people suffer from, but very few people know about? A hernia occurs when an internal organ or other body part protrudes through the muscle wall or connective tissue called fascia. Sometimes, a patient with a hernia does not even get to know about the ailment, until doctor detects it. This is because in many cases a patient does not show any signs or symptoms of a hernia, like pain, or distress. So now let’s learn more about hernias.
Types of Hernias
- Inguinal Hernia: In this condition, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall or into the inguinal canal in the groin. About 96% of all groin hernias are inguinal, and most occur in men because of a weakness in this area.
- Incisional Hernia: In an incisional hernia, the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall at the site of previous abdominal surgery. This type is most common in elderly or overweight people who are inactive after abdominal surgery.
- Femoral Hernia: A femoral hernia is also called a femorocele. This occurs when the tissue pushes through a weak spot of a muscle wall and enters into the upper thigh or groin. This condition is more likely to be found in women, especially those who are obese or pregnant.
- Umbilical Hernia: When the abdominal wall layers do not join completely, and the tissues from inside the abdominal cavity push through a weak spot around the belly button, is how an umbilical hernia occurs. It is commonly seen in obese women or those who have had many children.
- Hiatal Hernia: A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper stomach bulges through the hiatus, which is an opening in the diaphragm through which your food tube passes.
Causes of Hernia
- Chronic constipation or Diarrhea: Constipation forces an individual to exert pressure to pass the stools out, and diarrhea weakens the abdominal muscles.
- Lifting heavy weights: Lifting any kind of heavy weight without stabilizing the abdominal muscles can increase your risk of developing a hernia.
- Severe coughing/ sneezing: Persistent coughing or sneezing can put your body under strain and can bring on an inguinal hernia.
- Poor nutrition: Lack of fiber consumption and low energy intake can contribute to the development of a hernia.
- Obesity: Being overweight increases the pressure on your abdominal muscles, which makes the muscles weaker and hence increases the risk of developing a hernia.
Symptoms of a Hernia
A hernia in the abdomen or groin can show a noticeable bulge that can be pushed back in. Some physical activities or actions like coughing, straining during a bowel movement, or laughing may force the lump to reappear even after it has been pushed in. The common symptoms of a hernia include swelling or bulge in the groin or scrotum, pain in the place of the bulge or around it, pain while lifting weights, and difficulty during bowel movements. In some hernias, the symptoms may include heartburn, indigestion, frequent regurgitation, and chest pain.
Treatment for Hernia
It’s important to realize that a hernia does not get cured on its own. Sometimes it may even cause death, especially in the case of a strangulated hernia in the gut. So if you feel or notice any symptoms of a hernia, do not hesitate to consult our experts at Apollo Spectra Hospitals. From giving the best medical opinions to performing a hernia repair surgery, our experts ensure that you get the best treatment to cure Hernia.