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Kidney Stone

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Kidney Stone Treatment & Diagnostics in Nehru Enclave, Delhi

Kidney Stone

Kidney stones are hard crystals made up of minerals and salts that are formed in kidneys. This condition is also known as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis. They are mainly created inside your kidney and can also develop in the ureters, urethra, or urinary bladder. It's a severe medical condition.

You can consult a nephrologist in Delhi or near you. You can also visit multispeciality hospitals.

What are the types of kidney stones?

Types of kidney stones include:

  • Calcium stones: They are the most common ones and are made up of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a natural substance formed by the liver and absorbed in your body. High concentration of vitamin D, intestinal surgeries, or metabolic disorders can cause increased amounts of calcium and oxalate in the body.
  • Struvite stones: Formed as a complication of urinary tract infection. These stones develop very quickly.
  • Uric acid stones: Uric acid stones are formed due to the high concentration of uric acid in the body. Some of the reasons could be diabetes, metabolic syndrome, or chronic diarrhea. A high protein-based diet and genetic factors could also be the reason.  
  • Cystine stones: These stones are made up of ‘cysteine,’ an amino acid formed in people with a cystinuria genetic disorder.

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

Symptoms are experienced only when stones move inside the kidney or reach the ureters causing difficulty in urination and swelling of the kidney. Symptoms include:

  • Sharp pain in the sides and back.
  • pain of varying intensity
  • Pain in the lower abdomen.
  • Pain and burning during urination.
  • Brown or red urine
  • Cloudy urine
  • Bad smell in urine
  • Continuous urge to urinate.
  • Fever and chills
  • Vomiting and nausea.

What causes kidney stones?

Kidney stones can be caused due to multiple reasons. The cause of kidney stones also depends upon the type of stone formed. A high protein-based diet, obesity, certain existing medical conditions, genetic disorders, excessive intake of supplements and medications are the main reasons.

When to see a doctor?

Seek immediate medical help if you have symptoms like:

  • Severe and unbearable pain
  • Nausea and vomiting along with pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Fever and chills with pain
  • Unable to pass urine properly.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

What are the risk factors associated with kidney stones?

Risk factors include:

  • Dehydration
  • High Protein, sugar, and salt-based diet 
  • Obesity
  • Digestive diseases
  • Gastric bypass surgery
  • Excessive supplements and certain medications.
  • Family history 

What are the possible treatments for kidney stones?

Smaller stones can pass through the urine by:

  • Drinking an adequate amount of water ( up to 3 litres a day)
  • Pain killers 
  • Medications like alpha-blockers.

Bigger stones that cannot pass through urine and cause bleeding requires extensive and invasive treatments:

  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): Sound waves are used to create strong vibrations that break the stones into tiny pieces that can be passed in your urine. 
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: it's a surgical procedure in which a kidney stone is removed using tools like small telescopes inserted through a small incision in your back.
  • Parathyroid gland surgery: sometimes, kidney stones are formed due to hyperproduction of parathyroid hormone that secretes calcium. This surgery is done by removing the extra growth from the glands to stop the excessive production of the hormone.

You can search online for kidney specialists near me or nephrologists near me.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi.

Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.

Conclusion

Kidney stones can be excruciating, and if not treated on time, they can cause permanent damage to your kidneys. Depending upon the severity of the condition, this problem can be treated by just drinking lots of water up to surgery. 

How are kidney stones diagnosed?

Kidney stones are detected through X-rays, CT Scan or Ultrasound.

How can this be prevented?

  • Drink an adequate amount of water daily.
  • Eat a diet low in salt and animal-based proteins.
  • Avoid eating an Oxalate-rich diet.
  • Do not consume vitamin and mineral supplements in excess.

What is a staghorn stone?

Formed because of repeated urinary tract infection. These stones are similar in shape to a staghorn.

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