In India, the number of fungal infections has increased rapidly, especially in those who have recently recovered from COVID-19. After black fungus and white fungus infections, cases of yellow fungus are being reported in the country. Doctors have warned that yellow fungus is much scarier. The first case of yellow fungus has reportedly been identified in Ghaziabad, UP. It hasn’t been officially notified by government authorities or health officials yet. However, the symptoms of the disease are somewhat concerning. This infection could cause heavy internal damage, which is why doctors have suggested that yellow fungus needs attention right from the start.
What is Yellow Fungus?
Yellow fungus is a fungal infection that spreads via contaminated environments or when a patient inhales moulds that grow in the environment. It is different from black fungus and white fungus infections in its manner of spreading. The yellow fungus attacks the body’s internal organs and disturbs vital bodily processes, whereas black fungus starts spreading with distinct facial disfiguration. Damage caused by yellow fungus is much more severe. Hence, people should start observe its symptoms from day 1 and consult their doctor.
How does it spread?
The yellow fungus spreads when a person inhales moulds that are found in the environment. It can also spread through the presence of contaminated or old food. Unsanitary conditions, poor hygiene and high level of humidity form the spread of the infection. Yellow fungus isn’t contagious, hence, it cannot spread from person to person.
Symptoms of Yellow Fungus
Symptoms of yellow fungus include weight loss, lethargy, and loss of appetite or no appetite. Other symptoms could be the formation and leakage of pus and sunken eyes. Due to the yellow fungus, the healing of wounds gets hindered and prolonged. It can also result in malnutrition, organ failure and necrosis in extreme cases.
Yellow fungus might occur as a primary or secondary infection, depending on an individual’s health and risk factors. So far, it has been observed that people with compromised immunity and suffering from pre-existing conditions such as high cholesterol and uncontrolled diabetes are at higher risk of getting infected with yellow fungus.
In people who have recovered from COVID-19, fungal infections have been observed in those who were put on oxygen support for a long time or have been prescribed steroids. The infection could also occur by the fungus entering the skin through cuts, burns, scrapes or any other skin trauma. Other individuals at high risk of fungal infections also include
- Individuals who were in the ICU for a long time
- Individuals who have had an organ transplant recently and have low WBC or immune complications
- Individuals on steroid or antibacterial use for long duration
- Individuals who have kidney damage or are on dialysis
Why is Yellow Fungus more dangerous?
Yellow fungus is more dangerous as compared to other fungal infections because it spreads internally and causes more internal damage.
The yellow fungus can be treated with Amphotericin-B injections.
Prevention of Yellow Fungus
Since yellow fungus is a new infection, not much information is available as of now. However, it is best to protect your health by taking precautionary measures. Fungal infections thrive in individuals that have compromised immunity and other pre-existing conditions.
Individuals with diabetes should keep their blood sugar levels in check. They should also ensure that their surroundings are hygienic and sanitary. All surfaces should be disinfected. Any food that is old or stale should be removed. Individuals should keep a check on the humidity in their room and house. Individuals who are on oxygen support should make sure that oxygen is filtered properly and the water filter clean and changed regularly. The use of medications and steroids should be kept in check.
Apart from this, doctors recommend that individuals should not expose themselves to risky environments and follow proper guidelines by wearing masks regularly and practicing social distancing. If they need to go outside, they should wear clothes that don’t expose their skin to any contaminated surfaces.