Best Allergies Treatment & Diagnostics in Nehru Enclave, Delhi
Allergy is a condition when the immune system responds abnormally to a foreign substance to which it has become hypersensitive. These foreign substances can also be identified as allergens. The immune system protects our body by making antibodies and attacking pathogens. When a person is having an allergy, the immune system makes antibodies that identify these certain allergens as harmful substances and attack them. This attack of the immune system can cause inflammation of the skin, sneezing or other symptoms. So consult a general medicine doctor near you.
What are the symptoms of allergies?
The symptoms of different types of allergies may vary from mild to severe. It can cause mild irritation or a life-threatening medical emergency called anaphylaxis. It also depends upon the type of allergies and how severe they are.
Food allergy: Symptoms may include:
- Swelling of lips, tongue, face, or throat
- Tingling in mouth
Drug allergy: it is the abnormal reaction of your immune system to a certain medication. Symptoms may include:
- Skin rash
- Face swelling
- Shortness of breath
- Runny nose
Hay fever: it is also called allergic rhinitis. It shows symptoms that are very similar to the symptoms of a cold. This is an allergic response that causes:
- Itching of nose, eyes, and mouth
- Swollen eyes
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Watery or red eyes
Insect sting allergy: This is an allergic reaction to an insect’s bite. It can cause:
- Itching and redness
- Chest tightness
- Shortness of breath
Anaphylaxis: This is a life-threatening medical emergency that is triggered due to food allergy, drug allergy or insect bite allergy. This can be very dangerous because it is a severe allergic reaction that can cause you to go into shock. Symptoms may include:
- Breathing difficulties
- Drop in blood pressure
- Weak pulse
- Nausea or vomiting
- Loss of consciousness
What causes allergies?
The exact reason for the immune systems’ attack when a harmless substance enters our body is still unknown. So whenever you’re exposed to that certain allergen again, the immune system produces antibodies that cause an allergic reaction.
The common types of allergens that cause allergic reactions are:
- Certain foods such as peanut butter, wheat, milk, fish, shellfish, egg allergies
- Insect stings such as wasp, bees or mosquitoes
- Animal products such as pet dander, cockroaches or dust mites
- Certain medications, especially penicillin-based antibiotics and sulfa drugs
- Airborne allergens such as pollen from grass and trees
- Latex or other substances
In case of severe allergic reaction, you must immediately contact a general medicine hospital in Delhi so that doctors can help you.
When should you see a doctor?
If you suspect you’re having symptoms related to a certain allergy, then you must contact your doctor. If you’re having an allergic reaction after taking a certain medication or you have suffered severe signs and symptoms (anaphylaxis), then you must immediately seek medical help.
You can also request an appointment at the Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi
by calling 1860 500 2244.
How are allergies treated?
If you know what triggers your allergic reaction, then you must avoid the allergen as it’s the best way. If you don’t know what triggers that reaction, consult your doctor and find out the cause. If that doesn’t work, there are treatment options. Your doctor will first find the cause and how severe the symptoms are and then come up with a treatment plan. Many medications help in controlling allergic reactions. Sometimes immunotherapy may also help. In this treatment, people get several injections over the year to get their bodies used to it.
Most allergies are controllable and do not require any sort of medications to control them. Avoiding what triggers your allergic reaction will help you a lot. If it is not possible, you can consult a doctor and they will come up with different treatment options. Following your doctor’s advice, you can prevent any complications that may happen.
Most common allergies are caused by pollen, food, animal dander, insect bites or dust mites.
A person can develop allergies at any point in their life. Some factors can pose a greater risk.
The most common food allergies are due to milk, wheat, fish, eggs and peanuts.