Sinus Infections Treatment in Nehru Enclave, Delhi
Sinus infection is a common condition that affects people throughout the year. When the sinuses get blocked and filled with mucus, they become a site for bacterial or viral infection. This inflammation is called sinusitis. After observing the symptoms, you must visit an ENT specialist near you for diagnosis and suitable treatment.
What do we need to know about sinus infection?
Sinuses are the hollow spaces behind your cheekbones, between your eyes and your forehead. Mucus produced by the sinus humidifies the air and prevents entry of pollutants and allergens into our bodies. Inflammation or swelling in the sinuses is called sinusitis. If you suffer from nasal congestion and excess mucus, you must consult an ENT specialist in Delhi.
What are the types of sinusitis?
- Acute Sinusitis – It lasts for a couple of weeks. Acute sinusitis occurs due to viral or bacterial infection or seasonal allergies.
- Subacute Sinusitis – It lasts for around three months.
- Chronic Sinusitis – It is a result of bacterial infections and lasts for more than three months.
- Recurrent Sinusitis – As the name suggests, it occurs several times a year.
What are the symptoms of sinusitis?
Anyone can suffer from sinus infection in any season throughout the year. Various signs and symptoms of sinus infection are:
- Runny and stuffy nose
- Facial pain and pressure leading to fever
- Loss of smell
- Thick and dark mucus coming from the nose
- Pain in upper jaw and teeth
- Sore throat
- Bad breath
- Drainage down the back of the throat
What causes sinusitis?
- Nasal polyps – non-cancerous tissue growth in the nasal passage or sinuses
- Deviated nasal septum
- Bone growth in the nose
- Weak immune system
- Upper respiratory tract infection
- Cystic fibrosis – builds up mucus in your lungs
- Dental infection
When do you need to see a doctor?
If you suffer from a sinus infection multiple times and the symptoms last for more than ten days, you must visit an ENT specialist near you.
You can also request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Nehru Enclave, New Delhi.
Call 1860 500 2244 to book an appointment.
How is sinus infection diagnosed?
Based upon your symptoms, an ENT specialist near you will diagnose sinusitis with:
- Allergy test – The allergens triggering chronic sinusitis are suspected based on allergy skin tests.
- Imaging tests – CT scan or MRI scan give a detailed image of the sinuses and the nasal passage.
- Endoscope – It is a tube with fiber-optic light to view the sinuses.
- Culture of nasal and sinus discharge detects the presence of bacteria, viruses or fungi.
What are the risk factors?
If the sinus infection spreads to the eye socket, it can cause vision problems. Various risk factors associated with sinusitis are:
- Swelling inside the nose
- Blockage or narrowing of drainage ducts
- Dental infection
- Orbital cellulitis – infection of the tissues around the eyes
- Infection with pus in the sinus cavity
How is sinusitis prevented?
- Wash hands regularly to avoid infection to the upper respiratory tract.
- Limit exposure to allergens, pollutants and chemicals.
- Eat fruits and vegetables.
- Take medicines to treat allergies.
- Use a vaporizer or humidifier.
How is sinus infection treated?
- Saline nasal irrigation drains and rinses allergens with nasal sprays.
- Nasal corticosteroids – It treats inflammation and nasal polyps with the help of nasal sprays.
- Over-the-counter (OTC) medications thin mucus and treat sinusitis.
- Antibiotics provide relief from bacterial infection.
- Immunotherapy or allergy shots provide protection against allergens.
- Endoscopic sinus surgery helps in the treatment of deviated septum and nasal polyps.
You can suffer from sinus infection after a common cold or allergies. Avoid exposure to allergens and pathogens to prevent sinus infection. If left untreated, sinusitis can lead to severe conditions like meningitis or brain abscess. Visit an ENT specialist near you to get proper treatment.
You can use Neti pot to treat sinusitis. This therapy uses a salt and water solution that flushes your nasal passage and removes mucus and fluid from the nose.
You can use decongestants to dry up the mucus collected in the back of the throat due to an infection.
Antihistamines treat acute sinusitis by reducing obstruction caused by allergens.