Diabetes Mellitus Treatment in Chirag Enclave, Delhi
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose or blood sugar is too high. It is also called diabetes mellitus. When a person is suffering from diabetes, the pancreas produces very little or no insulin at all. Insulin is an essential hormone that is produced by the pancreas that controls the glucose levels in our body. Over time if it is not treated, it can cause damage to body organs which can lead to heart attack, stroke and damage to eyes, kidneys, feet and nerves. Consult a diabetes mellitus hospital near you.
What are the different types of diabetes?
There are mainly three types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes: It is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces very little or no insulin. It is also known as juvenile diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes: It is a chronic condition in which your body cells are unable to process insulin as well as they should and hence, they don’t bring the glucose into the cells.
- Gestational diabetes: It is a form of diabetes that affects pregnant women. Pregnant women usually develop high blood sugar levels in the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
If you have any of the following symptoms, you must contact a diabetes mellitus doctor near you:
- Weight loss
- Frequent urination especially at night
- Blurry vision
- Increase in hunger pangs
- Sores heal very slowly
These are the general symptoms people with diabetes face. People with type 1 diabetes may also have nausea, vomiting and stomach pain. People with type 2 diabetes may have recurring infections along with other general symptoms. Women with gestational diabetes don’t have any symptoms, it is often detected in a regular blood sugar test.
What causes diabetes?
Different types of diabetes have different causes.
Type 1 diabetes
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. The only thing that’s known is that somehow your immune system (which fights harmful bacteria or viruses) attacks your insulin-producing cells which are present in your pancreas. This results in little or no insulin and sugar builds up in your blood. This can be caused due to genes or environmental factors.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a condition where your cells don’t respond quite well to the insulin in your body and the pancreas is unable to make that much insulin to overcome this resistance. It can be caused due to lifestyle and genetic factors. Being overweight increases your risk of getting type 2 diabetes too. But not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight.
It is caused due to hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. The placenta produces hormones to assist pregnancy and these hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin. When your pancreases can’t keep up with this resistance, it causes gestational diabetes.
When do you need to see a doctor?
If you’re experiencing any of the above-mentioned diabetes symptoms, you must immediately contact your doctor. Because if it is left untreated, it can cause damage to your body organs. You should call your doctor if you have high blood sugar levels throughout the day.
You can also request an appointment at the Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chirag Enclave, Delhi
by calling 1860 500 2244.
How do you prevent diabetes?
- Cut down your sugar intake
- Do regular exercise
- Maintain healthy weight
- Drink plenty water
- Quit smoking
- Eat a very low carb diet
How is diabetes treated?
Type 1 diabetes is treated by giving the patient insulin injections, using an insulin pump and regular blood sugar testing. Type 2 diabetes is treated by some diabetes medications, insulin, lifestyle changes. Diet and regular exercise can help people with type 2 diabetes a lot. Monitoring your blood sugar level, taking medications prescribed by your doctor can help you a lot. In some cases, people with type 1 diabetes may also require a pancreas transplant as it would be the best option for them.
Type 1 diabetes may be out of your control but you can help prevent type 2 diabetes by following a healthy lifestyle. Consult your doctor and discuss the problems that you’re facing so that your doctor can come up with a treatment plan and help you.
Early symptoms may include extreme thirst, increased hunger, feeling very tired and frequent urination. If you face any of the symptoms, kindly discuss them with a general medicine doctor near you.
People with diabetes must not eat food that contains a huge amount of sugar. They should also avoid eating fruits that are rich in sugar.
Eggs are considered good for diabetic people as it only contains half a gram of carbohydrates and won’t raise your blood sugar level.