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Gynecological Cancer

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Gynaecological Cancer Treatment in Chirag Enclave, Delhi

Gynecological Cancer is a term that describes all types of cancer that start in or on the reproductive organs of a woman. As you know, cancer is named after the body part from where it originates.

What is Gynecological Cancer?

Gynecological Cancer develops in different places within the pelvis (area below the stomach and in between the hip bones) of women. Any gynecologist near you can help you in learning more about this cancer.

What are the types of Gynecological Cancer?

There are different kinds of Gynecological Cancer and each one is unique and has different signs and symptoms. Similarly, the risk factors and prevention strategies also vary. The risk of Gynecological Cancer increases with age in women but when detected early, it can be treated with utmost effectiveness. Below are the types of Gynecological Cancer:

  •  Cervical Cancer - Cervical cancer begins in the cervix (the cervix connects the vagina and the uterus). It is mostly caused by the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus or HPV. In case of HPV infection, consult a gynecologist in New Delhi.
  • Ovarian Cancer - Ovarian cancer occurs in one or both ovaries. This cancer does not always cause symptoms or causes vague symptoms.
  • Uterine Cancer - Uterine cancer or cancer of the uterus begins in the uterus. Endometrial cancer and uterine sarcomas are two main types of uterine cancer.
  • Vaginal Cancer - Vaginal cancer develops in the vagina. It is one of the rarest types of gynecological cancer. Vaginal cancer usually affects elderly women. Nevertheless, women of any age can be affected by it.
  • Vulvar Cancer - Vulvar cancer occurs in the vulva, which is the outer part of the genital organs of a woman. It is most common among women who have gone through menopause.

What are the symptoms of Gynecological Cancer?

There are different symptoms for different kinds of Gynecological Cancer. In cervical cancer, the symptoms are bleeding between periods, pain during sex, unusual vaginal discharge, longer or heavier periods, vaginal bleeding after menopause, and so on.
In the case of ovarian cancer, your symptoms will include abdominal bloating, unexplained fatigue, appetite loss, urinary changes, abdomen or pelvis pain, indigestion, bowel habit changes, unexplained weight fluctuation, etc.

If you experience bloody or watery discharge or bleed between periods or after menopause, you must contact a gynecologist near you to check for uterine cancer. Other symptoms of this gynecological cancer include pain during urination, sex and in the abdomen.

For vaginal cancer, the symptoms will include vaginal discharge with blood which won’t be from periods. If you have pain in the pelvic area or rectum, bleeding after sex and lump in the vagina or have difficulty in urination or get blood in urine, it is better to get yourself checked.

Finally, the symptoms of vulvar cancer include pain, itching or burning at a point in the vulva, swollen lymph nodes in the groin, lump, sore, swelling or wart-like growth, lesion or sore on the vulva releasing pus, blood or discharge.

What are the causes of Gynecological Cancer?

There are many risk factors that may increase your risk of different types of gynecological cancer. They include:

  • HPV Infection
  • Diabetes
  • Using oral birth control/fertility drugs
  • Old age
  • Estrogen Therapy
  • HIV Infection
  • Obesity
  • High-fat diet
  • Reproductive and menstrual history
  • Family history

When do you need to see a doctor?

If you experience constant fatigue, abdominal pain, unusual bleeding or discharge followed by other symptoms like unexplained weight loss or changes in the vulva, then consult a gynecologist in New Delhi as soon as possible.

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Chirag Enclave, New Delhi.

Call 011 4046 5555 to book an appointment.

What are the treatment options for Gynecological Cancer?

There are many ways in which Gynecological Cancer can be treated. It mainly depends on the type of cancer you have and how far it has spread. Women who have Gynecological Cancer often receive more than one type of treatment. The treatments include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.

Surgery - Your doctor will remove cancer tissues through an operation.

Chemotherapy - Your doctor will make use of special medicines to shrink or kill cancer. The drug may come in the form of pills to consume or medicines to inject into the veins. Sometimes, both are provided.

Radiation - In this procedure, your doctor will use high-energy rays to kill cancer. The rays are similar to X-rays.

Different doctors provide different treatments. Gynecological oncologists will treat cancers of a woman’s reproductive system. Medical oncologists will treat cancer with medicine while radiation oncologists will treat it with radiation. Finally, surgeons will perform operations.


Any woman can get Gynecological Cancer, so it is important to avoid the risks to prevent it. But, remember that while risk reduction is effective, it does not guarantee prevention. Thus, if you have any symptoms or have been diagnosed with Gynecological Cancer or looking for a second opinion, contact a gynecologist near you.

Which treatment is right for me if I have Gynecological Cancer?

It may be hard to choose the right treatment, so it is better to consult a gynecologist in New Delhi about the treatment options available for your cancer type and stage.

How is Gynecological Cancer diagnosed?

It is essential to get regular gynecological examinations to diagnose cancer in the early stage. Screening tests like pap smears and endometrial biopsies are very helpful.

Who’s at risk of developing Gynecological Cancer?

The factors that may increase the risk of Gynecological Cancer are HPV, old age, genetics and diethylstilbestrol (a synthetic form of estrogen) exposure.


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