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Breast Cancer

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Breast Cancer Treatment & Diagnostics in Kondapur, Hyderabad

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that formulates in the breast cells. After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women.

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer happens when some breast cells start to develop abnormally. These cells multiply more quickly than healthy cells do. They continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass.

Breast cancer either forms in the lobules or the ducts. Lobules are the gland that produces milk. Ducts are the passageways that bring the milk from the glands to the nipple.

What are the Types of Breast Cancer?

Ductal carcinoma in situ

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-invasive condition. The cancer cells are restricted to the ducts in your breast and haven’t attacked the surrounding breast tissue.

Lobular carcinoma in situ

Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a cancer that grows in the milk-producing glands. The cancer cells haven’t invaded the nearby tissue.

Invasive ductal carcinoma

Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) begins in the milk ducts of your breasts and then invades nearby tissue. Then it begins to spread to other nearby organs and tissue.

Invasive lobular carcinoma

Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) first develops in your breast’s lobules and invades nearby tissue.

Paget disease of the nipple

This type of cancer begins in the ducts of the nipple. As it grows, it begins to affect the skin and the areola of the nipple (the skin around the nipple).

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kondapur

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment

What are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

Symptoms of breast cancer may include:

  • A breast lump that feels different from the adjoining tissue
  • Change in the size or shape of a breast
  • Changes to the skin over the breast
  • A sunken or newly inverted nipple
  • Flaking, scaling, crusting or peeling of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple or breast skin
  • Redness or pitting of the skin on your breast
  • Discharge from a nipple

What are the Causes of Breast Cancer?

We do not know what causes breast cancer, though we do know that certain risk factors may put you at greater risk of developing it.

Researchers have identified hormonal, lifestyle and environmental factors that may increase your risk of getting breast cancer.

When to see a doctor?

By performing breast self-exams, you can be accustomed to the normal monthly changes in your breasts. It’s advised to do this exam once a month.

If you find a lump or other change in your breast make an appointment with your doctor at Apollo Kondapur.

What are the risk factors for Breast Cancer?

Several risk factors surge your chances of getting breast cancer. Some risk factors can’t be dodged, such as family history.

Risk factors for breast cancer include:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Increasing age
  • Obesity
  • A history of breast cancer
  • Estrogen exposure and breastfeeding
  • Hormone treatments
  • Beginning your period before age 12.

How can we prevent Breast Cancer?

There is no way that breast cancer can be prevented. However, certain lifestyle choices can reduce the risk of breast cancer. These include:

  • avoiding extreme alcohol consumption
  • following a healthful diet
  • getting enough exercise
  • maintaining healthy body weight

Preventive surgery is also an alternative for women at high risk of breast cancer.

Having regular mammograms does not prevent breast cancer, but it can help reduce the chances that it will go unnoticed.

How Is Breast Cancer Diagnosed?

During your physical examination, your doctor will ask about personal and family medical history. Your doctor will also perform one or more of the following tests:

Breast examination

During this, the doctor will carefully feel the lump or other abnormalities around it.

Digital mammography

It is an X-ray test of the breast that can give important information about a breast lump. The X-ray image of the breast is digitally recorded into a computer.

Ultrasonography

This Ultrasound test uses sound waves to detect the character of a breast lump — whether it is a fluid-filled cyst (not cancerous) or a solid mass (which may or may not be cancerous).

Breast magnetic resonance imaging

An MRI machine uses magnetic and radio waves to create images of the inside of your breast. It combines different images of the breast to help a doctor identify breast cancer.

How can we treat Breast Cancer?

The main treatment options include:

  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-powered beams, such as X-rays to kill cancer cells. It is usually done using a large machine that aims the energy beams at your body. But it can also be done by placing radioactive material inside your body.

Surgery

Lumpectomy

This involves removing the tumour and a small number of tissues around it. It can help stop the spread of cancer.

Mastectomy

A mastectomy involves removing the lobules, ducts, fatty tissue, nipple, areola, and some skin. In some cases, a surgeon will remove the lymph nodes and muscle in the chest wall.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses powerful drugs to kill fast-growing cancer cells. If your cancer has a high risk of returning or spreading to a body part, your doctor may recommend chemotherapy after surgery.

Fortunately, women and men around the world are more and more aware of the issues related to breast cancer. Breast Cancer Awareness Month is held each October, but many people spread the knowledge throughout the year.

What type of doctor should I see if I think I have breast cancer?

If you think you have breast cancer, you should talk to an OB/GYN.

Are mammograms painful?

Mammography does compress the breasts and can cause slight discomfort for a very short period of time.

Can breastfeeding reduce the risk of breast cancer?

Breastfeeding can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer.

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