Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment in Kondapur, Hyderabad
In most people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the blood sugar level stays out of control. The longer one has diabetes, the more prone the person gets to developing diabetic retinopathy.
What is the meaning of Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is a type of diabetes complication that affects the human eye. This condition mainly affects the tissue present in the back of the eye and damages the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue. Diabetic retinopathy initially doesn’t have symptoms, and if any of the symptoms arise, then it would be mild vision problems, which can later lead to blindness.
What are the symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?
The symptoms that a person with diabetic retinopathy will experience are as follows:
- The person affected with diabetic retinopathy might experience spots or dark strings which can float in their vision.
- Vision can be blurred or fluctuating at times.
- The person can also have dark or empty spaces in their vision.
- Patients having this might also lead having vision loss.
When to see a doctor?
If you have diabetes, then you should visit your eye doctor once a year for an eye examination with dilation. Apart from a routine eye check-up, if you face vision problems such as suddenly objects get blurry, they should immediately see their eye doctor.
Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kondapur
Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment.
What are the Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy?
The causes of diabetic retinopathy are as follows:
- When a person has diabetes for a very long time, they are prone to diabetic retinopathy.
- Person having no control or less control of their blood sugar.
- Having high cholesterol and blood pressure also can lead to diabetic retinopathy.
- When a woman is pregnant, they can be prone to diabetic retinopathy also.
- If the person is a smoker or consumes tobacco.
What are the Complications associated with Diabetic Retinopathy?
The complications linked to diabetic retinopathy are as follows:
- A person can become blind if diabetic retinopathy if the condition is not taken good care of in the early stages.
- The person having diabetic retinopathy can have glaucoma in which the new blood vessels grow in front of the eyes and stop the normal flow of fluid out from them. This condition further damages the nerve which carries images from the eye to the brain.
- Diabetic retinopathy can also cause retinal detachment. In this condition, the scar tissue gets stimulated and will pull the retina from the back of the eye. This condition results in spots floating in vision.
What is the Treatment done for Diabetic Retinopathy?
The treatments a person having diabetic retinopathy can have at Apollo Kondapur are as follows:
- If you have mild diabetes, the surgeon will monitor you. Your doctor will ask you to keep your blood sugar under control and do your routine check-up.
- A person having diabetic retinopathy can have laser treatment (photocoagulation). This laser treatment will stop any leakage of blood or fluid that is occurring in the eyes.
- You can also undergo a vitrectomy to remove blood from the middle of your vitreous or eye. It also takes out those scar tissues that cause trouble to the retina.
- They can also go for injections which will have a numbing medication on the eye.
- Finally, the person can also go for complete eye surgery.
How can you prevent Diabetic Retinopathy?
The preventions which any person should take to avoid diabetic retinopathy are as follows:
- Having a well-maintained body weight. Ensuring that you do not gain those extra calories will work in your favour.
- If a person is a smoker, then they should quit if they have diabetes.
- Every person should go for a yearly eye check-up to stay up to date.
Diabetes is a condition that stays lifelong. The only way out is to manage it as there is no cure to it. Any medication or surgery that the doctor prescribes will stop diabetes retinopathy from spreading further. At every point, you will keep needing to go for your routine eye check-up as your doctor can recommend additional treatments depending on your progress.
In some years, every diabetic patient, be it having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, will develop retinopathy. Almost everyone with diabetes is prone to retinopathy. After the doctors diagnose patients with diabetes, they develop retinopathy over time.
After your doctor diagnoses you with diabetes and you complete four to five years with diabetes, you will develop retinopathy to some extent. In the early years, you will not feel any changes, as the retinopathy will not affect your eyes. But if you leave it untreated, you can eventually lose your eyesight.
You will notice diabetic retinopathy after almost ten years of being diabetic. After having diabetes, you will develop retinopathy to some extent right from the start.