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Urinary tract Infection (UTI)

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Urinary tract Infection (UTI) Treatment & Diagnostics in Kondapur, Hyderabad

Urinary tract Infection (UTI)

A Urinary Tract Infection can be defined as an infection in the urinary system. A UTI is a common infection that may affect your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Although women are at a greater risk of getting the infection, men can get it too. The infection can spread to the kidneys causing extreme pain. However, it is easily treatable and doctors at Apollo Kondapur usually treat it with antibiotics.

What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Urinary tract infection is an infection affecting any of the following parts of your urinary tract;

  • Urethra
  • Ureters
  • Kidney
  • Bladder

The infection usually limits itself to the lower tract which includes the bladder & urethra. UTI is a common infection affecting men, women, children, and older adults. One out of every five women experiences this infection at least once in their lifetime.

What are the types of UTIs?

There are three types of UTIs affecting different parts of the urinary system. Each of them causes varying symptoms, easily identifiable by doctors to proceed with the treatment. UTI can be identified as-

  • Acute pyelonephritis that affects the kidneys
  • Cystitis that affects the bladder
  • And Urethritis, which affects the urethra of your urinary tract

 

What are the Symptoms of UTIs?

UTIs can cause inflammation in any part of the urinary tract causing a range of symptoms. The most common symptoms include;

  • Pain in the side of your body
  • Excess pain in the abdominal and pelvic region
  • Pressure in the lower pelvis
  • Painful urine (dysuria)
  • A frequent urge to urinate
  • A burning sensation while urinating
  • Frequent urination, even at night
  • Incontinence- Leaking of urine
  • Signs of blood in the urine
  • Foul-smelling urine

Other Less Common symptoms that may be associated with UTI include;

  • Extreme pain during sex
  • Pain in the penis
  • Persistent Fatigue
  • Fever and chills
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Mood swings and confusion

What are the causes of UTI?

UTIs are usually caused by the invasion of bacteria in the system. These bacteria usually enter from the urethra and bladder. Most of the infections (90%) limit themselves to the bladder and urethra causing acute symptoms. Even though our urinary system is such that it keeps these microscopic invaders away, the defence system sometimes fails. However, at times the bacteria travel to the kidneys causing severe symptoms.

When to see a doctor?

It is advised to see a doctor when you experience the above-mentioned symptoms for a prolonged period. Also, if your symptoms are getting worse, consult with your doctor once again. You may need a different treatment. In addition to the usual symptoms do watch out for these symptoms in particular:

  • Fever
  • Back pain
  • Vomiting

Request an appointment at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Kondapur

Call 1860-500-2244 to book an appointment

What are the risk factors associated with UTI?

Urinary tract infections are common infections that people experience once in their lifetime. However, there are certain risk factors associated with it, such as;

  • Abnormalities in the tract- Children born with bladder abnormalities develop an increased risk of UTIs.
  • Clotting in the urinary tract- Kidney stones or an enlarged prostate can stop urine.
  • Low Immunity- Immunosuppressive diseases can increase the risk of UTIs.
  • Use of a medical Catheter- People who were hospitalized and cannot urinate on their own need a catheter, which can increase the risk of cancer.
  • Recent medical history- A recent surgery or an exam of your urinary tract involving medical instruments can develop your risk of getting a urinary tract infection.

What are the complications of UTI?

When treated properly, lower UTIs don’t usually lead to complications. But if and when left untreated, a urinary tract infection can have serious health problems as mentioned below;

  • Recurrent infections
  • Lifelong kidney damage due to an ignored UTI.
  • Increased risk of premature births in women
  • Urethral contraction(stricture) in men from frequent urethritis
  • Life-threatening complication sepsis can be a result of a UTI

How to prevent getting a UTI?

As discussed, UTIs are caused by bacteria build-up in the urinary tract and can easily be prevented. It is advised to drink plenty of liquids and empty your bladder soon after intercourse.

How are UTIs treated?

Doctors typically treat UTIs with antibiotics- medicines that kill bacteria and fight infection. If the infection is not treated completely with the full course of antibiotics, it can return and cause complications.

Thus it is advised to consult a medical professional whenever needed. The treatment is very effective and can quickly relieve your symptoms.

Remember, UTI is a treatable condition, but if you ignore it, it can lead to several complications. So, if you are going through any of the symptoms, opt for treatment today to lead a healthy life.

1. What causes UTIs in men?

Urinary stones or an enlarged prostate obstruct the flow of urine causing a UTI in men.

2. How much urine does the average adult pass each day?

An average adult passes about 6 cups of urine daily. However, this may vary from person to person.

3. How can women prevent urinary tract infections?

Women can take certain steps to avoid getting UTIs, such as-

  • Avoiding holding your urine
  • Avoiding feminine hygiene sprays
  • Wearing cotton underwear and avoid tight-fitting garments
  • Drinking more water
  • Emptying bladder after sex

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